Introspective interest and insight in the context of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: A randomized trial

I. Nyklicek*, R. Zonneveld, J. Denollet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective
Introspective interest and insight have long been argued to be important factors in psychotherapy. However, empirical studies are scarce and their results equivocal. Therefore, in the present study, the potential moderating and mediating roles of introspective interest and insight were examined in the context of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR).

Methods
In a randomized controlled trial, 72 MBSR participants were compared with 71 waitlist control participants. Their mean age was 46.1 years (SD = 10.3), 31.5% were male and all were white. Pre-to-post changes in mood, perceived stress, quality of life, mindfulness skills, and introspective interest and insight were compared between the groups and the moderating and mediating effects of introspective interest and insight were examined, adjusting for effects of mindfulness skills.

Results
Introspective interest nor insight moderated the effects of MBSR. However, increase in insight, but not interest, significantly mediated favorable effects of MBSR on all outcome variables, over and above changes in mindfulness skills: perceived stress (B = − 1.43, 95% CI − 2.63 to − 0.54), negative affect (B = − 0.11, 95% CI − 0.23 to − 0.00), positive affect (B = 0.12, 95% CI 0.03–0.23) and psychological quality of life (B = 0.16, 95% CI 0.02–0.34).

Conclusions
Increase in introspective insight may form a potentially important mechanism of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions, and possibly also other psychological interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2176-2188
JournalMindfulness
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • ANXIETY
  • DYNAMIC PSYCHOTHERAPY
  • Insight
  • Introspection
  • MENTALIZATION
  • Mediator
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction
  • Moderator
  • NEGATIVE AFFECT
  • PERCEIVED STRESS
  • PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • PSYCHIATRIC OUTPATIENTS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL-MINDEDNESS
  • SELF-REPORT
  • THERAPY

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