Involuntary retirement, bridge employment, and satisfaction with life: A longitudinal investigation

Ellen Dingemans, Kène Henkens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The increased popularity of bridge employment has raised questions about its consequences for well‐being in late adult life. This research explored the consequences of bridge employment for the level of life satisfaction of older adults during the retirement transition period. Changes in life satisfaction were considered to be a function of the different intentions and motives for taking bridge jobs. Furthermore, the impact of bridge employment was empirically examined conditional on the voluntariness of the exit from the career job. Panel data on Dutch retirees (N = 1248) were investigated using conditional change models. The results demonstrate that older adults willing to prolong their work careers but unable to find bridge jobs reported lower levels of life satisfaction compared with full retirees not considering bridge employment. In addition, participation in bridge employment for financial motives was associated …
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-591
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


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