Is N.D. and N.T. v. Spain the new Hirsi?

Annick Pijnenburg

    Research output: Memorandum/expositionCase noteProfessional


    On 3 October the Third Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights published its judgment N.D. and N.T. v. Spain, which concerns Spain’s pushback policy in Melilla. It found a violation of Article 4 of Protocol 4 (prohibition of collective expulsions of aliens) and of Article 13 (right to an effective remedy) taken together with Article 4 of Protocol 4. This post focuses on the issues of jurisdiction and the prohibition of collective expulsions addressed in the judgment, as well as its policy implications.
    Original languageEnglish
    Project No.8675/15 and 8697/15)
    File no.ECtHR
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2017

    Publication series

    NameEJIL Talk!


    • ECtHR
    • Refoulement
    • Spanish enclaves
    • jurisdiction


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