Isolating second language learning factors in a computational study of bilingual construction acquisition

Y. Matusevych, A. Alishahi, A.M. Backus

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The study of second language acquisition (SLA) is often hindered by substantial variability in the background of learners, their learning process and the input they receive. This diversity often makes it difficult to isolate specific learning factors and study their impact on L2 development. We present a computational study of SLA as an alternative methodological approach. By applying a usage-based computational model of construction learning on bilingual (German and English) input data, we analyze various learning variables in isolation. In particular, we investigate three factors: ratio between the amount of L1 and L2 input, age of L2 onset, and L2 frequency distribution. Our results are in line with experimental findings on the facilitatory effect of lower L1/L2 ratio and balanced L2 frequency distribution. We found no negative effect of later age of L2 onset on proficiency, which might be due to positive cross-linguistic transfer between German and English constructions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
    EditorsP. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, B. Scassellati
    Place of PublicationAustin, TX
    PublisherCognitive Science Society
    Pages988-993
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventCogSci 2014 - Québec City, Canada
    Duration: 23 Jul 201426 Jul 2014

    Conference

    ConferenceCogSci 2014
    CountryCanada
    CityQuébec City
    Period23/07/1426/07/14

    Fingerprint

    Linguistics

    Keywords

    • second language acquisition
    • computational cognitive modelling
    • learning factors
    • construction grammar

    Cite this

    Matusevych, Y., Alishahi, A., & Backus, A. M. (2014). Isolating second language learning factors in a computational study of bilingual construction acquisition. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 988-993). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
    Matusevych, Y. ; Alishahi, A. ; Backus, A.M. / Isolating second language learning factors in a computational study of bilingual construction acquisition. Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. editor / P. Bello ; M. Guarini ; M. McShane ; B. Scassellati. Austin, TX : Cognitive Science Society, 2014. pp. 988-993
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    abstract = "The study of second language acquisition (SLA) is often hindered by substantial variability in the background of learners, their learning process and the input they receive. This diversity often makes it difficult to isolate specific learning factors and study their impact on L2 development. We present a computational study of SLA as an alternative methodological approach. By applying a usage-based computational model of construction learning on bilingual (German and English) input data, we analyze various learning variables in isolation. In particular, we investigate three factors: ratio between the amount of L1 and L2 input, age of L2 onset, and L2 frequency distribution. Our results are in line with experimental findings on the facilitatory effect of lower L1/L2 ratio and balanced L2 frequency distribution. We found no negative effect of later age of L2 onset on proficiency, which might be due to positive cross-linguistic transfer between German and English constructions.",
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    Matusevych, Y, Alishahi, A & Backus, AM 2014, Isolating second language learning factors in a computational study of bilingual construction acquisition. in P Bello, M Guarini, M McShane & B Scassellati (eds), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society, Austin, TX, pp. 988-993, CogSci 2014, Québec City, Canada, 23/07/14.

    Isolating second language learning factors in a computational study of bilingual construction acquisition. / Matusevych, Y.; Alishahi, A.; Backus, A.M.

    Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. ed. / P. Bello; M. Guarini; M. McShane; B. Scassellati. Austin, TX : Cognitive Science Society, 2014. p. 988-993.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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    Matusevych Y, Alishahi A, Backus AM. Isolating second language learning factors in a computational study of bilingual construction acquisition. In Bello P, Guarini M, McShane M, Scassellati B, editors, Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. 2014. p. 988-993