Job crafting towards strengths and interests: The effects of a job crafting intervention on person-job fit and the role of age

T.A.M. Kooij, M. van Woerkom, J. Wilkenloh, L.W. Dorenbosch, J.J.A. Denissen

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Abstract

We introduce 2 novel types of job crafting-crafting toward strengths and crafting toward interests-that aim to improve the fit between one's job and personal strengths and interests. Based on Berg, Dutton, and Wrzesniewski (2013), we hypothesized that participating in a job crafting intervention aimed at adjusting the job to personal strengths and interests leads to higher levels of job crafting, which in turn will promote person-job fit. Moreover, we hypothesized that this indirect effect would be stronger for older workers compared with younger workers. Results of an experimental field study indicated that participating in the job crafting intervention leads to strengths crafting, but only among older workers. Strengths crafting was, in turn, positively associated with demands-abilities and needs-supplies fit. Unexpectedly, participating in the job crafting intervention did not influence job crafting toward interests and had a negative effect on crafting toward strengths among younger workers. However, our findings suggest that some types of job crafting interventions can indeed be an effective tool for increasing person-job fit of older workers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)971-981
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume102
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this

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title = "Job crafting towards strengths and interests: The effects of a job crafting intervention on person-job fit and the role of age",
abstract = "We introduce 2 novel types of job crafting-crafting toward strengths and crafting toward interests-that aim to improve the fit between one's job and personal strengths and interests. Based on Berg, Dutton, and Wrzesniewski (2013), we hypothesized that participating in a job crafting intervention aimed at adjusting the job to personal strengths and interests leads to higher levels of job crafting, which in turn will promote person-job fit. Moreover, we hypothesized that this indirect effect would be stronger for older workers compared with younger workers. Results of an experimental field study indicated that participating in the job crafting intervention leads to strengths crafting, but only among older workers. Strengths crafting was, in turn, positively associated with demands-abilities and needs-supplies fit. Unexpectedly, participating in the job crafting intervention did not influence job crafting toward interests and had a negative effect on crafting toward strengths among younger workers. However, our findings suggest that some types of job crafting interventions can indeed be an effective tool for increasing person-job fit of older workers.",
author = "T.A.M. Kooij and {van Woerkom}, M. and J. Wilkenloh and L.W. Dorenbosch and J.J.A. Denissen",
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journal = "Journal of Applied Psychology",
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Job crafting towards strengths and interests : The effects of a job crafting intervention on person-job fit and the role of age. / Kooij, T.A.M.; van Woerkom, M.; Wilkenloh, J.; Dorenbosch, L.W.; Denissen, J.J.A.

In: Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 102, No. 6, 2017, p. 971-981.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - We introduce 2 novel types of job crafting-crafting toward strengths and crafting toward interests-that aim to improve the fit between one's job and personal strengths and interests. Based on Berg, Dutton, and Wrzesniewski (2013), we hypothesized that participating in a job crafting intervention aimed at adjusting the job to personal strengths and interests leads to higher levels of job crafting, which in turn will promote person-job fit. Moreover, we hypothesized that this indirect effect would be stronger for older workers compared with younger workers. Results of an experimental field study indicated that participating in the job crafting intervention leads to strengths crafting, but only among older workers. Strengths crafting was, in turn, positively associated with demands-abilities and needs-supplies fit. Unexpectedly, participating in the job crafting intervention did not influence job crafting toward interests and had a negative effect on crafting toward strengths among younger workers. However, our findings suggest that some types of job crafting interventions can indeed be an effective tool for increasing person-job fit of older workers.

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