Job Demands, Job Resources, Burnout, Work Engagement, and Their Relationships: An Analysis Across Sectors

Anja Van Den Broeck*, Tinne Vander Elst, Elfi Baillien, Maarten Sercu, Martijn Schouteden, Hans De Witte, Lode Godderis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the importance of job demands and resources and the validity of the Job Demands Resources Model across sectors. Methods: We used one-way analyses of variance to examine mean differences, and multi-group Structural Equation Modeling analyses to test the strength of the relationships among job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement across the health care, industry, service, and public sector. Results: The four sectors differed in the experience of job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement, but they did not vary in how (strongly) job demands and resources associated with burnout and work engagement. Conclusion: More attention is needed to decrease burnout and increase work engagement, particularly in industry, service, and the public sector. The Job Demands-Resources model may be helpful in this regard, as it is valid across sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

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