Job Demands-Resources and employee health and well-being

The moderating role of contract type

M. van den Tooren, J.P. de Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether the main propositions of the job demands-resources (JDR) model are moderated by type of contract (i.e. temporary contract vs permanent contract).
Design/methodology/approach
Survey data were collected in a large, heterogeneous sample from different countries, sectors, and jobs (n=3,845). Hypotheses were tested by means of multilevel analyses.
Findings
Results showed moderate support for the main effects of job demands (job insecurity and time pressure) and job resources (autonomy and social support) and weak support for the buffer effect of job resources in the prediction of job satisfaction and general health. The impact of contract type on the main propositions of the JDR model appeared to be weak. Yet, the evidence that was found suggests that temporary workers may be more tolerant to job insecurity and more likely to benefit from the buffering role of autonomy than permanent workers.
Originality/value
This is the first study to investigate whether the relation between job demands and job resources and employee health and well-being differs for permanent workers and temporary workers.
Keywords: Job satisfaction, General health, JDR model, Multi-occupational sample, Multinational sample, Type of contract
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-122
JournalCareer Development International
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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job demand
well-being
employee
health
resources
temporary worker
job satisfaction
autonomy
worker
Resources
Well-being
Job demands
Employee health
social support
Job demands-resources model
Job resources
methodology
evidence
Job insecurity
Workers

Cite this

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title = "Job Demands-Resources and employee health and well-being: The moderating role of contract type",
abstract = "PurposeThe aim of this paper is to investigate whether the main propositions of the job demands-resources (JDR) model are moderated by type of contract (i.e. temporary contract vs permanent contract).Design/methodology/approachSurvey data were collected in a large, heterogeneous sample from different countries, sectors, and jobs (n=3,845). Hypotheses were tested by means of multilevel analyses.FindingsResults showed moderate support for the main effects of job demands (job insecurity and time pressure) and job resources (autonomy and social support) and weak support for the buffer effect of job resources in the prediction of job satisfaction and general health. The impact of contract type on the main propositions of the JDR model appeared to be weak. Yet, the evidence that was found suggests that temporary workers may be more tolerant to job insecurity and more likely to benefit from the buffering role of autonomy than permanent workers.Originality/valueThis is the first study to investigate whether the relation between job demands and job resources and employee health and well-being differs for permanent workers and temporary workers.Keywords: Job satisfaction, General health, JDR model, Multi-occupational sample, Multinational sample, Type of contract",
author = "{van den Tooren}, M. and {de Jong}, J.P.",
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language = "English",
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Job Demands-Resources and employee health and well-being : The moderating role of contract type. / van den Tooren, M.; de Jong, J.P.

In: Career Development International, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2014, p. 101-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Job Demands-Resources and employee health and well-being

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AU - van den Tooren, M.

AU - de Jong, J.P.

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N2 - PurposeThe aim of this paper is to investigate whether the main propositions of the job demands-resources (JDR) model are moderated by type of contract (i.e. temporary contract vs permanent contract).Design/methodology/approachSurvey data were collected in a large, heterogeneous sample from different countries, sectors, and jobs (n=3,845). Hypotheses were tested by means of multilevel analyses.FindingsResults showed moderate support for the main effects of job demands (job insecurity and time pressure) and job resources (autonomy and social support) and weak support for the buffer effect of job resources in the prediction of job satisfaction and general health. The impact of contract type on the main propositions of the JDR model appeared to be weak. Yet, the evidence that was found suggests that temporary workers may be more tolerant to job insecurity and more likely to benefit from the buffering role of autonomy than permanent workers.Originality/valueThis is the first study to investigate whether the relation between job demands and job resources and employee health and well-being differs for permanent workers and temporary workers.Keywords: Job satisfaction, General health, JDR model, Multi-occupational sample, Multinational sample, Type of contract

AB - PurposeThe aim of this paper is to investigate whether the main propositions of the job demands-resources (JDR) model are moderated by type of contract (i.e. temporary contract vs permanent contract).Design/methodology/approachSurvey data were collected in a large, heterogeneous sample from different countries, sectors, and jobs (n=3,845). Hypotheses were tested by means of multilevel analyses.FindingsResults showed moderate support for the main effects of job demands (job insecurity and time pressure) and job resources (autonomy and social support) and weak support for the buffer effect of job resources in the prediction of job satisfaction and general health. The impact of contract type on the main propositions of the JDR model appeared to be weak. Yet, the evidence that was found suggests that temporary workers may be more tolerant to job insecurity and more likely to benefit from the buffering role of autonomy than permanent workers.Originality/valueThis is the first study to investigate whether the relation between job demands and job resources and employee health and well-being differs for permanent workers and temporary workers.Keywords: Job satisfaction, General health, JDR model, Multi-occupational sample, Multinational sample, Type of contract

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