Knowledge triangles in Dutch entrepreneurial ecosystems

Jan Peter van den Toren, George Romme, Monique Roso, Erik Stam, Bas van der Starre

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


In knowledge-based economies, long-term wealth generation depends not only on human capital and research as separate resources but also on the complementarity between research and human capital in the creation of innovation and the feedback effects of innovation into the economy. The interaction between education, research and innovation has gained prominence with the “Knowledge Triangle” concept (OECD 2015). In this chapter, we present an explorative study of knowledge triangles of research-education-innovation within Dutch entrepreneurial ecosystems. Knowledge Triangles do not evolve in a vacuum but are part of a broader set of interdependent actors and factors that, if coordinated in an adequate way, might enable entrepreneurship within a particular territory. We especially focus on the role of regional governance (i.e. networks and leadership) in the knowledge triangle and the entrepreneurial ecosystem more broadly.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Knowledge Triangle
Subtitle of host publicationChanging Higher Education and Research Management Paradigms
EditorsDirk Meissner
Place of PublicationSwitserland
PublisherSpringer Nature Switzerland AG
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-81346-8
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-81345-1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Publication series

NameScience, Technology and Innovation Studies


  • Innovation
  • Ecosystem


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