Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children

Patricia F. Apps, J. Kabátek, Ray Rees, A.H.O. van Soest

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

Abstract

This paper introduces a static structural model of hours of market labor supply, time spent on child care and other domestic work, and bought in child care for married or cohabiting mothers with pre-school age children. The father's behavior is taken as given. The main goal is to analyze the sensitivity of hours of market work, parental child care, other household production and formal child care to the wage rate, the price of child care, taxes, benefits and child care subsidies. To account for the non-convex nature of the budget sets and, possibly, the household technology, a discrete choice model is used. The model is estimated using the HILDA dataset, a rich household survey of the Australian population, which contains detailed information on time use, child care demands and the corresponding prices. Simulations based on the estimates show that the time allocations of women with pre-school children are highly sensitive to changes in wages and the costs of child care. A policy simulation suggests that labor force participation and hours of market work would increase substantially in a fiscal system based solely on individual rather than joint taxation.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBonn
PublisherInstitute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Number of pages39
Volume7007
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Publication series

NameIZA Discussion Paper
Volume7007

Fingerprint

Labor supply
Child care
Market work
Fiscal
Tax
Wages
Household survey
Structural model
Policy simulation
Simulation
Discrete choice models
Wage rate
Household
Child care subsidies
Household production
Labor force participation
Taxation
Allocation of time
Costs
School children

Keywords

  • time use
  • income tax
  • child care subsidies

Cite this

Apps, P. F., Kabátek, J., Rees, R., & van Soest, A. H. O. (2012). Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children. (IZA Discussion Paper; Vol. 7007). Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
Apps, Patricia F. ; Kabátek, J. ; Rees, Ray ; van Soest, A.H.O. / Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children. Bonn : Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), 2012. (IZA Discussion Paper).
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Apps, PF, Kabátek, J, Rees, R & van Soest, AHO 2012 'Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children' IZA Discussion Paper, vol. 7007, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Bonn.

Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children. / Apps, Patricia F.; Kabátek, J.; Rees, Ray; van Soest, A.H.O.

Bonn : Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), 2012. (IZA Discussion Paper; Vol. 7007).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Apps PF, Kabátek J, Rees R, van Soest AHO. Labor Supply Heterogeneity and Demand for Child Care of Mothers with Young Children. Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). 2012 Nov. (IZA Discussion Paper).