Land expropriation, protest, and impunity in rural China

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Conflicts over rural land expropriation, which have intensified over the
past decade in China, pose a significant threat to the country’s social stability and the sustainability of its economic development. This article argues that such conflicts are inevitable under China’s current political and legal system. After a brief introduction of the present situation in China and an overview of China’s land regime, the article first analyzes reasons for the escalation of land conflicts, including the vague definition of public interest, the inadequate compensation, and the ambiguous nature of collective land ownership. It then argues that even the few existing rights of rural peasants under the present land regime are not adequately protected due to China’s poor law enforcement. The article further elucidates that impunity with regard to illegal land grabbing is common in China for a variety of reasons that all have roots in the Communist Party’s monopoly over Chinese society. With no fundamental reform to China’s party politics, the article concludes, there will be no effective measure to prevent further conflicts over land in the near future.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages8
JournalFocaal: Tijdschrift voor Antropologie = Focaal: European journal of anthropology
Issue number54
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Fingerprint

expropriation
protest
China
poor law
regime
social stability
party politics
present
escalation
public interest
monopoly
law enforcement
legal system
peasant
political system
sustainability
threat
reform

Keywords

  • China
  • land expropriation
  • rule of law
  • userright
  • protest

Cite this

@article{1799ab15f93c42698c2843e73b433aba,
title = "Land expropriation, protest, and impunity in rural China",
abstract = "Conflicts over rural land expropriation, which have intensified over thepast decade in China, pose a significant threat to the country’s social stability and the sustainability of its economic development. This article argues that such conflicts are inevitable under China’s current political and legal system. After a brief introduction of the present situation in China and an overview of China’s land regime, the article first analyzes reasons for the escalation of land conflicts, including the vague definition of public interest, the inadequate compensation, and the ambiguous nature of collective land ownership. It then argues that even the few existing rights of rural peasants under the present land regime are not adequately protected due to China’s poor law enforcement. The article further elucidates that impunity with regard to illegal land grabbing is common in China for a variety of reasons that all have roots in the Communist Party’s monopoly over Chinese society. With no fundamental reform to China’s party politics, the article concludes, there will be no effective measure to prevent further conflicts over land in the near future.",
keywords = "China, land expropriation, rule of law, userright, protest",
author = "Bo Zhao",
year = "2009",
language = "English",
pages = "97--105",
journal = "Focaal: Tijdschrift voor Antropologie = Focaal: European journal of anthropology",
issn = "0920-1297",
publisher = "Katholieke Universiteit, Instituut voor Culturele en Sociale Antropologie, University Of Nijmegen",
number = "54",

}

Land expropriation, protest, and impunity in rural China. / Zhao, Bo.

In: Focaal: Tijdschrift voor Antropologie = Focaal: European journal of anthropology, No. 54, 2009, p. 97-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Land expropriation, protest, and impunity in rural China

AU - Zhao, Bo

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Conflicts over rural land expropriation, which have intensified over thepast decade in China, pose a significant threat to the country’s social stability and the sustainability of its economic development. This article argues that such conflicts are inevitable under China’s current political and legal system. After a brief introduction of the present situation in China and an overview of China’s land regime, the article first analyzes reasons for the escalation of land conflicts, including the vague definition of public interest, the inadequate compensation, and the ambiguous nature of collective land ownership. It then argues that even the few existing rights of rural peasants under the present land regime are not adequately protected due to China’s poor law enforcement. The article further elucidates that impunity with regard to illegal land grabbing is common in China for a variety of reasons that all have roots in the Communist Party’s monopoly over Chinese society. With no fundamental reform to China’s party politics, the article concludes, there will be no effective measure to prevent further conflicts over land in the near future.

AB - Conflicts over rural land expropriation, which have intensified over thepast decade in China, pose a significant threat to the country’s social stability and the sustainability of its economic development. This article argues that such conflicts are inevitable under China’s current political and legal system. After a brief introduction of the present situation in China and an overview of China’s land regime, the article first analyzes reasons for the escalation of land conflicts, including the vague definition of public interest, the inadequate compensation, and the ambiguous nature of collective land ownership. It then argues that even the few existing rights of rural peasants under the present land regime are not adequately protected due to China’s poor law enforcement. The article further elucidates that impunity with regard to illegal land grabbing is common in China for a variety of reasons that all have roots in the Communist Party’s monopoly over Chinese society. With no fundamental reform to China’s party politics, the article concludes, there will be no effective measure to prevent further conflicts over land in the near future.

KW - China

KW - land expropriation

KW - rule of law

KW - userright

KW - protest

M3 - Article

SP - 97

EP - 105

JO - Focaal: Tijdschrift voor Antropologie = Focaal: European journal of anthropology

JF - Focaal: Tijdschrift voor Antropologie = Focaal: European journal of anthropology

SN - 0920-1297

IS - 54

ER -