Landmarks in motion: Unstable entities in route directions

Adriana-Alexandra Baltaretu, Emiel Krahmer, Alfons Maes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


In the present study, we investigate if speakers refer to moving entities in route directions (RDs). On the one hand, there is a general agreement that landmarks are perceptually salient and stable objects. On the other hand, animated movement attracts visual attention, making entities intrinsically salient. In two experiments we tested to what extent people are prepared to use moving entities. Our results show that participants mention moving entities when the communicative setting affords such references (route directions as a joint communicative action) and when the movement is informative for the place where a turn should be taken.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society
EditorsD.C. Noelle, R. Dale, A.S. Warlaumont, J. Yoshimi, T. Matlock, C.D. Jennings, P.P. Maglio
Place of PublicationAustin, Texas
PublisherCognitive Science Society
ISBN (Print)9780991196722
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2015
Eventcogsci 2015 - Pasadena, CA, United States
Duration: 23 Jul 201525 Jul 2015


Conferencecogsci 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPasadena, CA


  • stability
  • animated movement
  • moving landmarks
  • visual attention
  • route directions


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