Leaders’ managerial assumptions and transformational leadership: The moderating role of gender

Faruk Şahin, Sait Gürbüz*, Harun Şeşen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: 

Although McGregor’s Theory X and Y holds significant attention in literature, research on the managerial assumptions and leadership is very scarce. The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of a leader’s Theory X and Y managerial assumptions on follower perceptions of transformational leadership behaviors and the moderating role of the leader’s gender in this relationship. 

Design/methodology/approach: 

A total of 108 leaders provided ratings of their Theory X and Y managerial assumptions; 398 followers then rated their leaders’ transformational leadership behavior. To test the hypotheses, moderated hierarchical regression analysis was conducted. 

Findings: 

The results indicated that a leader’s Theory Y managerial assumptions are positively related to the followers’ ratings of transformational leadership behavior while a leader’s Theory X managerial assumptions are negatively related to the ratings of transformational leadership behavior. Furthermore, the relationship between Theory Y managerial assumptions and ratings of transformational leadership behavior are stronger for female leaders than male leaders. 

Originality/value: 

This study provides important insights for leadership literature by depicting how cognitive mental schemas (i.e. Theory X and Y assumptions) and gender influence their transformational leadership behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-125
JournalLeadership and Organization Development Journal
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Theory X
  • Theory Y
  • Transformational leadership

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