Leveraged buyouts: Motives and sources of value

Luc Renneboog, Cara Vansteenkiste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides an exhaustive literature review of the motives for public-to-private LBO transactions. First, the paper develops the theoretical framework for the potential sources of value creation from going private: a distinction is made between the reduction in agency costs, stakeholder wealth transfers, tax benefits, transaction costs savings, takeover defense strategies, and corporate undervaluation. The paper then reviews and summarizes whether and how these theories have been empirically verified in the four different strands of literature in LBO research. These strands of literature are categorized by phase in the LBO transaction: Intent (of a buyout), Impact (of the LBO on the various stakeholders), Process (of restructuring after the leveraged buyout) and Duration (of retaining the private status). Then, the paper shows that in the first half of the 2000s, a public-to-private LBO wave re-emerged in the US, UK and Continental Europe, whose value vastly exceeded that of the 1980s US LBO wave. Finally, the paper provides suggestions for further research
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-389
JournalAnnals of Corporate Governance
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2017


  • Public-to-private transactions
  • Going-private deals
  • Private equity
  • Management buyout
  • Leveraged buyout
  • Management buy-in
  • MBO
  • LBO
  • Reverse LBO


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