Julian Hanna, James Auger

Research output: Other contribution

59 Downloads (Pure)


The Liberator is a 3D-printed gun made of sixteen plastic pieces, and requiring only the addition of a nail to enable it to fire a single bullet. The computer code for the gun was designed and released online by libertarian (and at the time, law student) Cody Wilson and his company Defense Distributed as a provocation around public access to weapons. It is an example of a ‘physible’ object, one that can be distributed as code and fabricated by computer-controlled machinery. The Liberator may be seen to symbolise both the climate of violent political extremism on the rise in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere in recent years, and (conversely) resistance to authoritarianism through the promotion of radical freedom of expression and the decentralisation of power. This intellectual paradox forces personal contemplation and public debate — as champions of open technology who deplore firearms, we are faced with a powerful dilemma.
Original languageEnglish
TypeExhibition Catalogue
Media of outputPrint, online
PublisherMuseum of Modern Art (MoMA)
Number of pages4
Place of PublicationDublin / New York
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameDesign and Violence


  • Design
  • Speculative Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Liberator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this