Linking stressful experiences and psychological problems: The role of self-esteem

Elisabeth L. De Moor*, Roos Hutteman, Kees Korrelboom, Odilia M. Laceulle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Stressful experiences have repeatedly been related to psychological problems. The current study extends previous work on stress and psychological problems by examining the link between stressful experiences and both internalizing (INT) and externalizing (EXT) problems. Additionally, individual differences are investigated by testing the moderating role of self-esteem. Questionnaire data of 750 adolescents aged 12–18 were collected and analyzed using multiple regression analyses. Analyses were controlled for sex and socioeconomic status. Results indicated that adolescents who report more stressful experiences are more likely to experience both INT and EXT problems, and these relationships were stronger for adolescents with low self-esteem. Post hoc analyses (e.g., different thresholds for determining stressful experiences) support the robustness of our findings. The findings on self-esteem emphasize the importance of taking individual differences into account in the relation between stressful experiences and psychological problems. The results can be seen as a next step in cross-sectional research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)914-923
JournalSocial Psychological and Personality Science
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • ADOLESCENTS
  • BEHAVIOR
  • CHILDHOOD
  • CLASSIFICATION
  • COGNITIONS
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • DISORDERS
  • LIFE EVENTS
  • PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
  • VULNERABILITY
  • adolescence
  • externalizing problems
  • internalizing problems
  • self-esteem
  • stressful experiences

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