Liquidity constraints of the middle class

Jeffrey Campbell, Zvi Hercowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Existing evidence from US middle class households shows that their MPCs out of tax rebates greatly exceed the PIH’s predic- tion and are weakly related to their liquid assets. The standard precautionary-saving model predicts the first fact but counterfactually requires MPCs to decrease with liquid wealth. Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances indicates widespread saving in anticipation of major expenditures like home purchases and college education. Adding such savings to the standard precautionary-saving model allows it to generate realistic MPCs for households with liquid wealth: the approaching expenditure simultaneously motivates asset accumulation and raises MPCs by shortening the effective planning
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-155
JournalAmerican Economic Journal-Economic Policy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes


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