Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Asenapine or Olanzapine in Patients with Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder: An Extension Study

Joep Schoemaker, Let Stet, Peter Vrijland, Dieter Naber, John Panagides, Robin Emsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Safety and efficacy results, collected in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder patients treated up to nearly 3 years, are presented for asenapine and olanzapine.
Methods: Patients completing a 52-week randomized double-blind core study on flexible-dose asenapine (5 or 10 mg BID) or olanzapine (10 or 20 mg QD) could continue treatment until study blind was broken.
Results: 290 patients on asenapine and 150 on olanzapine continued treatment for variable lengths of time (mean ± SD (range) 311.0±146.1 (10−653) d and 327.4±139.6 (15−631) d, respectively). Adverse event (AE) incidence was lower during extension (asenapine, 62%; olanzapine, 55%) than during core study (78%, 80%). In both groups, body weight increase and incidence of extrapyramidal AEs were negligible during the extension. Mean PANSS total score changes during first year of treatment were –37.0 for asenapine and –35.3 for olanzapine, with further change of 1.6 for asenapine and –0.8 for olanzapine at the extension study endpoint.
Conclusions: Clinical stability on asenapine as well as olanzapine was maintained, with few recurrent or newly emerging AEs beyond 1 year of treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-203
JournalPharmacopsychiatry
Volume45
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • asenapine, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, tolerability, olanzapine

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