Longitudinal associations in adolescence between cortisol and persistent aggressive or rule-breaking behavior

E. Platje, L.M.C. Jansen, A. Raine, S.T.J. Branje, Th.A.H. Doreleijers, M. de Vries-Bouw, A. Popma, P.A.C. van Lier, H.M. Koot, W.H.J. Meeus, R. Vermeiren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Although several studies have associated antisocial behavior with decreased cortisol awakening responses (CAR), studies in adolescent samples yielded inconsistent results. In adolescence however, the CAR develops and antisocial behavior is heterogeneous in type and persistence. Therefore this longitudinal study compared persistent aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents to low aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents on the development of the CAR from ages 15 to 17 (N = 390). Persistently high aggressive adolescents showed decreased cortisol levels at awakening consistently over the years (Δχ2(1) = 6.655, p = .01) as compared to low aggressive adolescents. No differences between adolescents showing persistent high rule-breaking and low rule-breaking were found. This longitudinal study is the first to show that persistent aggression, but not rule-breaking behavior, is related to neurobiological alterations. Moreover, despite development of the CAR over adolescence, the decrease in cortisol is consistent over time in persistent high aggressive adolescents, which is an important prerequisite for the prediction of persistent aggression.
Highlights
► Persistent aggression in adolescence is related to low awakening cortisol levels
► Persistent rule-breaking in adolescence is not related to decreased cortisol levels
► Low awakening cortisol in persistent aggressive adolescents is consistent over time.
Keywords: Antisocial behavior, Aggression, Cortisol, Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, Adolescence, Longitudinal
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-137
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Cite this

Platje, E., Jansen, L. M. C., Raine, A., Branje, S. T. J., Doreleijers, T. A. H., de Vries-Bouw, M., ... Vermeiren, R. (2013). Longitudinal associations in adolescence between cortisol and persistent aggressive or rule-breaking behavior. Biological Psychology, 93(1), 132-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.01.002
Platje, E. ; Jansen, L.M.C. ; Raine, A. ; Branje, S.T.J. ; Doreleijers, Th.A.H. ; de Vries-Bouw, M. ; Popma, A. ; van Lier, P.A.C. ; Koot, H.M. ; Meeus, W.H.J. ; Vermeiren, R. / Longitudinal associations in adolescence between cortisol and persistent aggressive or rule-breaking behavior. In: Biological Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 93, No. 1. pp. 132-137.
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abstract = "Although several studies have associated antisocial behavior with decreased cortisol awakening responses (CAR), studies in adolescent samples yielded inconsistent results. In adolescence however, the CAR develops and antisocial behavior is heterogeneous in type and persistence. Therefore this longitudinal study compared persistent aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents to low aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents on the development of the CAR from ages 15 to 17 (N = 390). Persistently high aggressive adolescents showed decreased cortisol levels at awakening consistently over the years (Δχ2(1) = 6.655, p = .01) as compared to low aggressive adolescents. No differences between adolescents showing persistent high rule-breaking and low rule-breaking were found. This longitudinal study is the first to show that persistent aggression, but not rule-breaking behavior, is related to neurobiological alterations. Moreover, despite development of the CAR over adolescence, the decrease in cortisol is consistent over time in persistent high aggressive adolescents, which is an important prerequisite for the prediction of persistent aggression.Highlights► Persistent aggression in adolescence is related to low awakening cortisol levels ► Persistent rule-breaking in adolescence is not related to decreased cortisol levels ► Low awakening cortisol in persistent aggressive adolescents is consistent over time.Keywords: Antisocial behavior, Aggression, Cortisol, Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, Adolescence, Longitudinal",
author = "E. Platje and L.M.C. Jansen and A. Raine and S.T.J. Branje and Th.A.H. Doreleijers and {de Vries-Bouw}, M. and A. Popma and {van Lier}, P.A.C. and H.M. Koot and W.H.J. Meeus and R. Vermeiren",
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Platje, E, Jansen, LMC, Raine, A, Branje, STJ, Doreleijers, TAH, de Vries-Bouw, M, Popma, A, van Lier, PAC, Koot, HM, Meeus, WHJ & Vermeiren, R 2013, 'Longitudinal associations in adolescence between cortisol and persistent aggressive or rule-breaking behavior', Biological Psychology, vol. 93, no. 1, pp. 132-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.01.002

Longitudinal associations in adolescence between cortisol and persistent aggressive or rule-breaking behavior. / Platje, E.; Jansen, L.M.C.; Raine, A.; Branje, S.T.J.; Doreleijers, Th.A.H.; de Vries-Bouw, M.; Popma, A.; van Lier, P.A.C.; Koot, H.M.; Meeus, W.H.J.; Vermeiren, R.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 93, No. 1, 2013, p. 132-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Longitudinal associations in adolescence between cortisol and persistent aggressive or rule-breaking behavior

AU - Platje, E.

AU - Jansen, L.M.C.

AU - Raine, A.

AU - Branje, S.T.J.

AU - Doreleijers, Th.A.H.

AU - de Vries-Bouw, M.

AU - Popma, A.

AU - van Lier, P.A.C.

AU - Koot, H.M.

AU - Meeus, W.H.J.

AU - Vermeiren, R.

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N2 - Although several studies have associated antisocial behavior with decreased cortisol awakening responses (CAR), studies in adolescent samples yielded inconsistent results. In adolescence however, the CAR develops and antisocial behavior is heterogeneous in type and persistence. Therefore this longitudinal study compared persistent aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents to low aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents on the development of the CAR from ages 15 to 17 (N = 390). Persistently high aggressive adolescents showed decreased cortisol levels at awakening consistently over the years (Δχ2(1) = 6.655, p = .01) as compared to low aggressive adolescents. No differences between adolescents showing persistent high rule-breaking and low rule-breaking were found. This longitudinal study is the first to show that persistent aggression, but not rule-breaking behavior, is related to neurobiological alterations. Moreover, despite development of the CAR over adolescence, the decrease in cortisol is consistent over time in persistent high aggressive adolescents, which is an important prerequisite for the prediction of persistent aggression.Highlights► Persistent aggression in adolescence is related to low awakening cortisol levels ► Persistent rule-breaking in adolescence is not related to decreased cortisol levels ► Low awakening cortisol in persistent aggressive adolescents is consistent over time.Keywords: Antisocial behavior, Aggression, Cortisol, Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, Adolescence, Longitudinal

AB - Although several studies have associated antisocial behavior with decreased cortisol awakening responses (CAR), studies in adolescent samples yielded inconsistent results. In adolescence however, the CAR develops and antisocial behavior is heterogeneous in type and persistence. Therefore this longitudinal study compared persistent aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents to low aggressive and rule-breaking adolescents on the development of the CAR from ages 15 to 17 (N = 390). Persistently high aggressive adolescents showed decreased cortisol levels at awakening consistently over the years (Δχ2(1) = 6.655, p = .01) as compared to low aggressive adolescents. No differences between adolescents showing persistent high rule-breaking and low rule-breaking were found. This longitudinal study is the first to show that persistent aggression, but not rule-breaking behavior, is related to neurobiological alterations. Moreover, despite development of the CAR over adolescence, the decrease in cortisol is consistent over time in persistent high aggressive adolescents, which is an important prerequisite for the prediction of persistent aggression.Highlights► Persistent aggression in adolescence is related to low awakening cortisol levels ► Persistent rule-breaking in adolescence is not related to decreased cortisol levels ► Low awakening cortisol in persistent aggressive adolescents is consistent over time.Keywords: Antisocial behavior, Aggression, Cortisol, Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, Adolescence, Longitudinal

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DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.01.002

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 132

EP - 137

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

IS - 1

ER -