Maternal and paternal infant representations

A comparison between parents of term and preterm infants

A. Tooten, R.A.S. Hall, H.N. Hoffenkamp, J. Braeken, A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets, A.M. van Bakel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective
Research on parental attachment representations after preterm birth is limited and inconclusive. The present study is the first in which maternal and paternal attachment representations after term, moderately and very preterm birth are compared. In addition, special attention was directed toward disrupted attachment representations.
Method
Mothers and fathers of term infants (≥37 weeks of gestational age, n = 71), moderately preterm infants (≥32–37 weeks of gestational age, n = 62) and very preterm infants (<32 weeks of gestational age, n = 56) participated in the present study. Attachment representations (balanced, disengaged, distorted) about their infants were evaluated with the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI). To asses disrupted representations the coding of the WMCI was extended with the disrupted scale (WMCI-D).ResultsThe three main classifications of attachment representations were not affected by preterm birth. In addition, there were no gender differences in the rate of balanced representations. In case of non-balanced representations however, maternal representations were more often distorted, whereas fathers showed more often disengaged representations. Results further revealed that maternal disrupted attachment representations were marked by role/boundary confusion or disorientation, whereas paternal disrupted attachment representations were characterized by withdrawal.
Conclusion
Given the gender differences it is essential to tailor interventions according to the attachment representations of the parent, in order to be able to alter their non-balanced and/or disrupted attachment representations.Keywords: Preterm birth, Attachment representations, Disrupted attachment representations, Mothers, Fathers
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-379
JournalInfant Behavior and Development: An international and multidisciplinary journal
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Premature Birth
Premature Infants
Parents
Mothers
Fathers
Gestational Age
Interviews
Equidae

Cite this

@article{9cad459f24e2455bbe1cf67bd54da7dd,
title = "Maternal and paternal infant representations: A comparison between parents of term and preterm infants",
abstract = "ObjectiveResearch on parental attachment representations after preterm birth is limited and inconclusive. The present study is the first in which maternal and paternal attachment representations after term, moderately and very preterm birth are compared. In addition, special attention was directed toward disrupted attachment representations.MethodMothers and fathers of term infants (≥37 weeks of gestational age, n = 71), moderately preterm infants (≥32–37 weeks of gestational age, n = 62) and very preterm infants (<32 weeks of gestational age, n = 56) participated in the present study. Attachment representations (balanced, disengaged, distorted) about their infants were evaluated with the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI). To asses disrupted representations the coding of the WMCI was extended with the disrupted scale (WMCI-D).ResultsThe three main classifications of attachment representations were not affected by preterm birth. In addition, there were no gender differences in the rate of balanced representations. In case of non-balanced representations however, maternal representations were more often distorted, whereas fathers showed more often disengaged representations. Results further revealed that maternal disrupted attachment representations were marked by role/boundary confusion or disorientation, whereas paternal disrupted attachment representations were characterized by withdrawal.ConclusionGiven the gender differences it is essential to tailor interventions according to the attachment representations of the parent, in order to be able to alter their non-balanced and/or disrupted attachment representations.Keywords: Preterm birth, Attachment representations, Disrupted attachment representations, Mothers, Fathers",
author = "A. Tooten and R.A.S. Hall and H.N. Hoffenkamp and J. Braeken and A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets and {van Bakel}, A.M.",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.05.004",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "366--379",
journal = "Infant Behavior and Development: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal",
issn = "0163-6383",
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}

Maternal and paternal infant representations : A comparison between parents of term and preterm infants. / Tooten, A.; Hall, R.A.S.; Hoffenkamp, H.N.; Braeken, J.; Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M.; van Bakel, A.M.

In: Infant Behavior and Development: An international and multidisciplinary journal, Vol. 37, No. 3, 2014, p. 366-379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal and paternal infant representations

T2 - A comparison between parents of term and preterm infants

AU - Tooten, A.

AU - Hall, R.A.S.

AU - Hoffenkamp, H.N.

AU - Braeken, J.

AU - Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M.

AU - van Bakel, A.M.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - ObjectiveResearch on parental attachment representations after preterm birth is limited and inconclusive. The present study is the first in which maternal and paternal attachment representations after term, moderately and very preterm birth are compared. In addition, special attention was directed toward disrupted attachment representations.MethodMothers and fathers of term infants (≥37 weeks of gestational age, n = 71), moderately preterm infants (≥32–37 weeks of gestational age, n = 62) and very preterm infants (<32 weeks of gestational age, n = 56) participated in the present study. Attachment representations (balanced, disengaged, distorted) about their infants were evaluated with the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI). To asses disrupted representations the coding of the WMCI was extended with the disrupted scale (WMCI-D).ResultsThe three main classifications of attachment representations were not affected by preterm birth. In addition, there were no gender differences in the rate of balanced representations. In case of non-balanced representations however, maternal representations were more often distorted, whereas fathers showed more often disengaged representations. Results further revealed that maternal disrupted attachment representations were marked by role/boundary confusion or disorientation, whereas paternal disrupted attachment representations were characterized by withdrawal.ConclusionGiven the gender differences it is essential to tailor interventions according to the attachment representations of the parent, in order to be able to alter their non-balanced and/or disrupted attachment representations.Keywords: Preterm birth, Attachment representations, Disrupted attachment representations, Mothers, Fathers

AB - ObjectiveResearch on parental attachment representations after preterm birth is limited and inconclusive. The present study is the first in which maternal and paternal attachment representations after term, moderately and very preterm birth are compared. In addition, special attention was directed toward disrupted attachment representations.MethodMothers and fathers of term infants (≥37 weeks of gestational age, n = 71), moderately preterm infants (≥32–37 weeks of gestational age, n = 62) and very preterm infants (<32 weeks of gestational age, n = 56) participated in the present study. Attachment representations (balanced, disengaged, distorted) about their infants were evaluated with the Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI). To asses disrupted representations the coding of the WMCI was extended with the disrupted scale (WMCI-D).ResultsThe three main classifications of attachment representations were not affected by preterm birth. In addition, there were no gender differences in the rate of balanced representations. In case of non-balanced representations however, maternal representations were more often distorted, whereas fathers showed more often disengaged representations. Results further revealed that maternal disrupted attachment representations were marked by role/boundary confusion or disorientation, whereas paternal disrupted attachment representations were characterized by withdrawal.ConclusionGiven the gender differences it is essential to tailor interventions according to the attachment representations of the parent, in order to be able to alter their non-balanced and/or disrupted attachment representations.Keywords: Preterm birth, Attachment representations, Disrupted attachment representations, Mothers, Fathers

U2 - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.05.004

DO - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.05.004

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SP - 366

EP - 379

JO - Infant Behavior and Development: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal

JF - Infant Behavior and Development: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 3

ER -