Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children

M. Guxens, M. van Eijsden, R. Vermeulen, E.M. Loomans, T.G.M. Vrijkotte, H. Komhout, H. van Strien, A. Huss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background
A previous study found an association between maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 7. Together with cell phones, cordless phones represent the main exposure source of radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields to the head. Therefore, we assessed the association between maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and teacher-reported and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 5.
Methods
The study was embedded in the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study, a population-based birth cohort study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2003–2004). Teachers and mothers reported child behaviour problems using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 5. Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy was asked when children were 7 years old.
Results
A total of 2618 children were included. As compared to non-users, those exposed to prenatal cell phone use showed an increased but non-significant association of having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems, although without dose-response relationship with the number of calls (OR=2.12 (95% CI 0.95 to 4.74) for <1 call/day, OR=1.58 (95% CI 0.69 to 3.60) for 1–4 calls/day and OR=2.04 (95% CI 0.86 to 4.80) for ≥5 calls/day). ORs for having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems across categories of cordless phone use were below 1 or close to unity. Associations of maternal cell phone and cordless phone use with maternal-reported overall behaviour problems remained non-significant. Non-significant associations were found for the specific behaviour problem subscales.
Conclusion
Our results do not suggest that maternal cell phone or cordless phone use during pregnancy increases the odds of behaviour problems in their children.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-438
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Mothers
Child Behavior
Electromagnetic Fields
Netherlands

Cite this

Guxens, M., van Eijsden, M., Vermeulen, R., Loomans, E. M., Vrijkotte, T. G. M., Komhout, H., ... Huss, A. (2013). Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(5), 432-438. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-201792
Guxens, M. ; van Eijsden, M. ; Vermeulen, R. ; Loomans, E.M. ; Vrijkotte, T.G.M. ; Komhout, H. ; van Strien, H. ; Huss, A. / Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children. In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2013 ; Vol. 67, No. 5. pp. 432-438.
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title = "Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children",
abstract = "Background A previous study found an association between maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 7. Together with cell phones, cordless phones represent the main exposure source of radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields to the head. Therefore, we assessed the association between maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and teacher-reported and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 5.Methods The study was embedded in the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study, a population-based birth cohort study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2003–2004). Teachers and mothers reported child behaviour problems using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 5. Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy was asked when children were 7 years old.Results A total of 2618 children were included. As compared to non-users, those exposed to prenatal cell phone use showed an increased but non-significant association of having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems, although without dose-response relationship with the number of calls (OR=2.12 (95{\%} CI 0.95 to 4.74) for <1 call/day, OR=1.58 (95{\%} CI 0.69 to 3.60) for 1–4 calls/day and OR=2.04 (95{\%} CI 0.86 to 4.80) for ≥5 calls/day). ORs for having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems across categories of cordless phone use were below 1 or close to unity. Associations of maternal cell phone and cordless phone use with maternal-reported overall behaviour problems remained non-significant. Non-significant associations were found for the specific behaviour problem subscales.Conclusion Our results do not suggest that maternal cell phone or cordless phone use during pregnancy increases the odds of behaviour problems in their children.",
author = "M. Guxens and {van Eijsden}, M. and R. Vermeulen and E.M. Loomans and T.G.M. Vrijkotte and H. Komhout and {van Strien}, H. and A. Huss",
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Guxens, M, van Eijsden, M, Vermeulen, R, Loomans, EM, Vrijkotte, TGM, Komhout, H, van Strien, H & Huss, A 2013, 'Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children', Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 432-438. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-201792

Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children. / Guxens, M.; van Eijsden, M.; Vermeulen, R.; Loomans, E.M.; Vrijkotte, T.G.M.; Komhout, H.; van Strien, H.; Huss, A.

In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 67, No. 5, 2013, p. 432-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and behaviour problems in 5-year-old children

AU - Guxens, M.

AU - van Eijsden, M.

AU - Vermeulen, R.

AU - Loomans, E.M.

AU - Vrijkotte, T.G.M.

AU - Komhout, H.

AU - van Strien, H.

AU - Huss, A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Background A previous study found an association between maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 7. Together with cell phones, cordless phones represent the main exposure source of radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields to the head. Therefore, we assessed the association between maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and teacher-reported and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 5.Methods The study was embedded in the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study, a population-based birth cohort study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2003–2004). Teachers and mothers reported child behaviour problems using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 5. Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy was asked when children were 7 years old.Results A total of 2618 children were included. As compared to non-users, those exposed to prenatal cell phone use showed an increased but non-significant association of having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems, although without dose-response relationship with the number of calls (OR=2.12 (95% CI 0.95 to 4.74) for <1 call/day, OR=1.58 (95% CI 0.69 to 3.60) for 1–4 calls/day and OR=2.04 (95% CI 0.86 to 4.80) for ≥5 calls/day). ORs for having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems across categories of cordless phone use were below 1 or close to unity. Associations of maternal cell phone and cordless phone use with maternal-reported overall behaviour problems remained non-significant. Non-significant associations were found for the specific behaviour problem subscales.Conclusion Our results do not suggest that maternal cell phone or cordless phone use during pregnancy increases the odds of behaviour problems in their children.

AB - Background A previous study found an association between maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 7. Together with cell phones, cordless phones represent the main exposure source of radiofrequency-electromagnetic fields to the head. Therefore, we assessed the association between maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy and teacher-reported and maternal-reported child behaviour problems at age 5.Methods The study was embedded in the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study, a population-based birth cohort study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2003–2004). Teachers and mothers reported child behaviour problems using the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire at age 5. Maternal cell phone and cordless phone use during pregnancy was asked when children were 7 years old.Results A total of 2618 children were included. As compared to non-users, those exposed to prenatal cell phone use showed an increased but non-significant association of having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems, although without dose-response relationship with the number of calls (OR=2.12 (95% CI 0.95 to 4.74) for <1 call/day, OR=1.58 (95% CI 0.69 to 3.60) for 1–4 calls/day and OR=2.04 (95% CI 0.86 to 4.80) for ≥5 calls/day). ORs for having teacher-reported overall behaviour problems across categories of cordless phone use were below 1 or close to unity. Associations of maternal cell phone and cordless phone use with maternal-reported overall behaviour problems remained non-significant. Non-significant associations were found for the specific behaviour problem subscales.Conclusion Our results do not suggest that maternal cell phone or cordless phone use during pregnancy increases the odds of behaviour problems in their children.

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2012-201792

DO - 10.1136/jech-2012-201792

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 432

EP - 438

JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 5

ER -