Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour: Role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study)

Wilke J. C. van Ansem*, Carola T. M. Schrijvers, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: 

The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.

Methods: 

Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour.

Results: 

Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption.

Conclusions: 

Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113
Number of pages12
JournalThe International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Breakfast consumption
  • Socio-economic status
  • Home food environment
  • Children
  • Parents
  • OBESITY-RELATED BEHAVIORS
  • SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
  • VEGETABLE INTAKE
  • BREAKFAST HABITS
  • SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS
  • EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • BODY-WEIGHT
  • LIFE-STYLE

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