Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour

Role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study)

Wilke J. C. van Ansem*, Carola T. M. Schrijvers, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: 

The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.

Methods: 

Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour.

Results: 

Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption.

Conclusions: 

Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113
Number of pages12
JournalThe International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fruit and vegetable consumption
  • Breakfast consumption
  • Socio-economic status
  • Home food environment
  • Children
  • Parents
  • OBESITY-RELATED BEHAVIORS
  • SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
  • VEGETABLE INTAKE
  • BREAKFAST HABITS
  • SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS
  • EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • BODY-WEIGHT
  • LIFE-STYLE

Cite this

@article{e0371be3786348a2b3e59c3a87e26ca8,
title = "Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour: Role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study)",
abstract = "Background: The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.Methods: Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour.Results: Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95{\%} CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95{\%} CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95{\%} CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption.Conclusions: Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.",
keywords = "Fruit and vegetable consumption, Breakfast consumption, Socio-economic status, Home food environment, Children, Parents, OBESITY-RELATED BEHAVIORS, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, VEGETABLE INTAKE, BREAKFAST HABITS, SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS, EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, RISK-FACTORS, BODY-WEIGHT, LIFE-STYLE",
author = "{van Ansem}, {Wilke J. C.} and Schrijvers, {Carola T. M.} and Gerda Rodenburg and {van de Mheen}, Dike",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/s12966-014-0113-0",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity",
issn = "1479-5868",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour : Role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study). / van Ansem, Wilke J. C.; Schrijvers, Carola T. M.; Rodenburg, Gerda; van de Mheen, Dike.

In: The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 11, 113, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour

T2 - Role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study)

AU - van Ansem, Wilke J. C.

AU - Schrijvers, Carola T. M.

AU - Rodenburg, Gerda

AU - van de Mheen, Dike

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.Methods: Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour.Results: Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption.Conclusions: Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.

AB - Background: The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.Methods: Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent-child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children's healthy eating behaviour.Results: Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children's breakfast consumption.Conclusions: Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children's healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.

KW - Fruit and vegetable consumption

KW - Breakfast consumption

KW - Socio-economic status

KW - Home food environment

KW - Children

KW - Parents

KW - OBESITY-RELATED BEHAVIORS

KW - SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS

KW - VEGETABLE INTAKE

KW - BREAKFAST HABITS

KW - SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS

KW - EUROPEAN ADOLESCENTS

KW - PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY

KW - RISK-FACTORS

KW - BODY-WEIGHT

KW - LIFE-STYLE

U2 - 10.1186/s12966-014-0113-0

DO - 10.1186/s12966-014-0113-0

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

M1 - 113

ER -