Measuring higher order ambiguity preferences

Aurelien Baillon, Harris Schlesinger, Gijs van de Kuilen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We report the results from an experiment designed to measure attitudes towards ambiguity beyond ambiguity aversion. In particular, we implement recently-proposed model-free preference conditions of ambiguity prudence and ambiguity temperance. Ambiguity prudence has been shown to play an important role in precautionary behavior and the mere presence of ambiguity averse agents in markets. We observe that the majority of individuals’ decisions are consistent with ambiguity aversion, ambiguity prudence and ambiguity temperance. This finding confirms the prediction of many popular (specifications of) ambiguity models and has important implications for models of prevention behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-256
JournalExperimental Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • higher-order preferences
  • prudence
  • ambiguity attitude
  • risk attitude


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