Mindfulness and fear of hypoglycaemia in parents of children with type 1 diabetes: Results from diabetes miles youth the Netherlands

J. Aalders, E.E. Hartman, G.M. Nefs, A.M. Nieuwesteeg, C. Hendrieckx, H.J. Aanstoot, P. Winterdijk, E. van Mil, J. Speight, F. Pouwer

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Abstract

Aims
To identify the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of fear of hypoglycaemia among parents of children (aged 4-18 years) with Type 1 diabetes and to examine the relationships between parental fear of hypoglycaemia, mindfulness and mindful parenting.

Methods
Sociodemographic, self-reported clinical and psychological data were extracted from the cross-sectional Diabetes MILES Youth - The Netherlands dataset. Questionnaires included the Hypoglycaemia Fear Survey - Parent Worry (parental fear of hypoglycaemia), the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory - Short version (mindfulness) and the Interpersonal Mindfulness in Parenting Scale (mindful parenting).

Results
A total of 421 parents (359 mothers) participated. Hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that greater parental fear of hypoglycaemia was related to younger parental age, low educational level, non-Dutch nationality, more frequent blood glucose monitoring, and less general mindfulness. Adding mindful parenting to the model negated the previous contribution of general mindfulness. In this model, lower mindful parenting was related to greater parental fear of hypoglycaemia. In particular, parents with an increased ability to be less judgemental of themselves as parents and less reactive to emotions within parenting interactions reported less fear of hypoglycaemia. In total, 21% of the variance in parental fear of hypoglycaemia was explained.

Conclusion
Parental fear of hypoglycaemia was associated largely with parental characteristics, including non-modifiable sociodemographics (i.e. age, education, nationality) and modifiable psychological factors (i.e. mindful parenting). These findings suggest that it is important to further explore mindfulness-based interventions for parents to reduce fear of hypoglycaemia next to interventions to reduce hypoglycaemia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650-657
JournalDiabetic Medicine: Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • ADOLESCENTS
  • ADULTS
  • GLYCEMIC CONTROL
  • LIFE
  • MELLITUS
  • NIGHTTIME
  • PREDICTORS
  • STRESS
  • YOUNG-CHILDREN

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