Mindfulness skills during pregnancy

Prospective associations with mother's mood and neonatal birth weight

Ivan Nyklicek*, Sophie E. M. Truijens, Viola Spek, Victor J. M. Pop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: 

Mindfulness skills have been associated with better mood and several health related outcomes. Because depressed mood during pregnancy has been related to worse child outcomes, the aim was to examine the association of mindfulness skills during pregnancy with the mother's depressive symptoms, gestational age, and neonatal birth weight.

Methods: 

A subsample of 905 pregnant women who participated in the longitudinal cohort HAPPY study (Holistic Approach to Pregnancy and the first Postpartum Year) completed the 12-item Three Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire-Short Form at 22 weeks of gestation. The Edinburgh Depression Scale was completed to assess depressive symptoms at 12, 22 and 32 weeks. The obstetric medical records were examined for gestational age and birth weight.

Results: 

Mindfulness skills Acting with Awareness and Nonjudging at 22 weeks were associated with less depressive symptoms at 22 weeks and at 32 weeks. When controlled for depressive symptoms at 22 weeks, the association was still significant for Nonjudging predicting depressive symptoms at 32 weeks (Beta = -0.12, p <0.01). Regarding the obstetric medical records, only Nonreacting was (positively) associated with birth weight (Beta = 0.09, p <0.01). Controlling for gestational age, sex, parity, depressive symptoms, and health behavior, Nonreacting predicted a normal birth weight (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.06-1.19), in contrast to low birth weight.

Conclusion: 

It seems that different mindfulness skills during pregnancy are important in predicting mother's depressive symptoms compared to the prediction of child's birth weight. Potential mechanisms are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-19
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Birth weight
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Longitudinal
  • Mindfulness
  • Pregnancy
  • STRESS REDUCTION INTERVENTION
  • PROSTATE-CANCER OUTPATIENTS
  • BLOOD-PRESSURE VARIABILITY
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • HEART-RATE
  • MATERNAL RESPONSIVENESS
  • PRENATAL DEPRESSION
  • INFANT DEVELOPMENT
  • PRETERM BIRTH
  • SHORT-FORM

Cite this

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title = "Mindfulness skills during pregnancy: Prospective associations with mother's mood and neonatal birth weight",
abstract = "Objectives: Mindfulness skills have been associated with better mood and several health related outcomes. Because depressed mood during pregnancy has been related to worse child outcomes, the aim was to examine the association of mindfulness skills during pregnancy with the mother's depressive symptoms, gestational age, and neonatal birth weight.Methods: A subsample of 905 pregnant women who participated in the longitudinal cohort HAPPY study (Holistic Approach to Pregnancy and the first Postpartum Year) completed the 12-item Three Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire-Short Form at 22 weeks of gestation. The Edinburgh Depression Scale was completed to assess depressive symptoms at 12, 22 and 32 weeks. The obstetric medical records were examined for gestational age and birth weight.Results: Mindfulness skills Acting with Awareness and Nonjudging at 22 weeks were associated with less depressive symptoms at 22 weeks and at 32 weeks. When controlled for depressive symptoms at 22 weeks, the association was still significant for Nonjudging predicting depressive symptoms at 32 weeks (Beta = -0.12, p <0.01). Regarding the obstetric medical records, only Nonreacting was (positively) associated with birth weight (Beta = 0.09, p <0.01). Controlling for gestational age, sex, parity, depressive symptoms, and health behavior, Nonreacting predicted a normal birth weight (OR = 1.12, 95{\%} CI = 1.06-1.19), in contrast to low birth weight.Conclusion: It seems that different mindfulness skills during pregnancy are important in predicting mother's depressive symptoms compared to the prediction of child's birth weight. Potential mechanisms are discussed.",
keywords = "Birth weight, Depressive symptoms, Longitudinal, Mindfulness, Pregnancy, STRESS REDUCTION INTERVENTION, PROSTATE-CANCER OUTPATIENTS, BLOOD-PRESSURE VARIABILITY, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, HEART-RATE, MATERNAL RESPONSIVENESS, PRENATAL DEPRESSION, INFANT DEVELOPMENT, PRETERM BIRTH, SHORT-FORM",
author = "Ivan Nyklicek and Truijens, {Sophie E. M.} and Viola Spek and Pop, {Victor J. M.}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.01.012",
language = "English",
volume = "107",
pages = "14--19",
journal = "Journal of Psychosomatic Research",
issn = "0022-3999",
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}

Mindfulness skills during pregnancy : Prospective associations with mother's mood and neonatal birth weight. / Nyklicek, Ivan; Truijens, Sophie E. M.; Spek, Viola; Pop, Victor J. M.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 107, 2018, p. 14-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mindfulness skills during pregnancy

T2 - Prospective associations with mother's mood and neonatal birth weight

AU - Nyklicek, Ivan

AU - Truijens, Sophie E. M.

AU - Spek, Viola

AU - Pop, Victor J. M.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Objectives: Mindfulness skills have been associated with better mood and several health related outcomes. Because depressed mood during pregnancy has been related to worse child outcomes, the aim was to examine the association of mindfulness skills during pregnancy with the mother's depressive symptoms, gestational age, and neonatal birth weight.Methods: A subsample of 905 pregnant women who participated in the longitudinal cohort HAPPY study (Holistic Approach to Pregnancy and the first Postpartum Year) completed the 12-item Three Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire-Short Form at 22 weeks of gestation. The Edinburgh Depression Scale was completed to assess depressive symptoms at 12, 22 and 32 weeks. The obstetric medical records were examined for gestational age and birth weight.Results: Mindfulness skills Acting with Awareness and Nonjudging at 22 weeks were associated with less depressive symptoms at 22 weeks and at 32 weeks. When controlled for depressive symptoms at 22 weeks, the association was still significant for Nonjudging predicting depressive symptoms at 32 weeks (Beta = -0.12, p <0.01). Regarding the obstetric medical records, only Nonreacting was (positively) associated with birth weight (Beta = 0.09, p <0.01). Controlling for gestational age, sex, parity, depressive symptoms, and health behavior, Nonreacting predicted a normal birth weight (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.06-1.19), in contrast to low birth weight.Conclusion: It seems that different mindfulness skills during pregnancy are important in predicting mother's depressive symptoms compared to the prediction of child's birth weight. Potential mechanisms are discussed.

AB - Objectives: Mindfulness skills have been associated with better mood and several health related outcomes. Because depressed mood during pregnancy has been related to worse child outcomes, the aim was to examine the association of mindfulness skills during pregnancy with the mother's depressive symptoms, gestational age, and neonatal birth weight.Methods: A subsample of 905 pregnant women who participated in the longitudinal cohort HAPPY study (Holistic Approach to Pregnancy and the first Postpartum Year) completed the 12-item Three Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire-Short Form at 22 weeks of gestation. The Edinburgh Depression Scale was completed to assess depressive symptoms at 12, 22 and 32 weeks. The obstetric medical records were examined for gestational age and birth weight.Results: Mindfulness skills Acting with Awareness and Nonjudging at 22 weeks were associated with less depressive symptoms at 22 weeks and at 32 weeks. When controlled for depressive symptoms at 22 weeks, the association was still significant for Nonjudging predicting depressive symptoms at 32 weeks (Beta = -0.12, p <0.01). Regarding the obstetric medical records, only Nonreacting was (positively) associated with birth weight (Beta = 0.09, p <0.01). Controlling for gestational age, sex, parity, depressive symptoms, and health behavior, Nonreacting predicted a normal birth weight (OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.06-1.19), in contrast to low birth weight.Conclusion: It seems that different mindfulness skills during pregnancy are important in predicting mother's depressive symptoms compared to the prediction of child's birth weight. Potential mechanisms are discussed.

KW - Birth weight

KW - Depressive symptoms

KW - Longitudinal

KW - Mindfulness

KW - Pregnancy

KW - STRESS REDUCTION INTERVENTION

KW - PROSTATE-CANCER OUTPATIENTS

KW - BLOOD-PRESSURE VARIABILITY

KW - QUALITY-OF-LIFE

KW - HEART-RATE

KW - MATERNAL RESPONSIVENESS

KW - PRENATAL DEPRESSION

KW - INFANT DEVELOPMENT

KW - PRETERM BIRTH

KW - SHORT-FORM

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.01.012

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2018.01.012

M3 - Article

VL - 107

SP - 14

EP - 19

JO - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

JF - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

SN - 0022-3999

ER -