Mode of delivery following successful external cephalic version: Comparison with spontaneous cephalic presentations at delivery

S.M. Kuppens, E.K. Hutton, T.H. Hasaart, N. Aichi, H. Wijnen, V.J.M. Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective
To compare the obstetric outcomes of pregnant women after successful external cephalic version (ECV) (cases) with a large group of pregnant women with a spontaneously occurring cephalic fetal position at delivery (controls).
Methods
We conducted a retrospective matched cohort study in a teaching hospital in the Netherlands. Delivery outcomes of women with a successful ECV were compared with those of women with spontaneously occurring cephalic presentations, controlling for maternal age, parity, gestational age at delivery, and onset of labour (spontaneous or induced). Exclusion criteria were a history of Caesarean section, delivery at < 35 weeks, and elective Caesarean section. The primary outcome was the prevalence of Caesarean section and instrumental delivery in both groups; secondary outcomes were the characteristics of cases requiring intervention such as Caesarean section or instrumental delivery.
Results
Women who had a successful ECV had a significantly higher Caesarean section rate than the women in the control group (33/220 [15%] vs. 62/1030 [6.0 %]; P < 0. 001). There was no difference in the incidence of instrumental delivery (20/220 [9.1%] vs. 103/1030 [10%]). Comparison of characteristics of women in the cases group showed that nulliparity, induction of labour, and occiput posterior presentation were associated with Caesarean section and instrumental deliveries.
Conclusion: 
Compared with delivery of spontaneous cephalic presentations, delivery of cephalic presenting babies following successful ECV is associated with an increased rate of Caesarean section, especially in nulliparous women and women whose labour is induced.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-888
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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