Modeling spatial and temporal aspects of visual backward masking

Frouke Hermens, Gediminas Luksys, Wulfram Gerstner, Michael H Herzog, Udo Ernst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Visual backward masking is a versatile tool for understanding principles and limitations of visual information processing in the human brain. However, the mechanisms underlying masking are still poorly understood. In the current contribution, the authors show that a structurally simple mathematical model can explain many spatial and temporal effects in visual masking, such as spatial layout effects on pattern masking and B-type masking. Specifically, the authors show that lateral excitation and inhibition on different length scales, in combination with the typical time scales, are capable of producing a rich, dynamic behavior that explains this multitude of masking phenomena in a single, biophysically motivated model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-100
Number of pages18
JournalPsychological Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological
  • Perceptual Masking
  • Space Perception
  • Time Perception
  • Visual Perception


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