More frequent use of health care services among distressed compared with nondistressed survivors of lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Results from the population-based PROFILES registry

Lindy P. J. Arts*, Simone Oerlemans, Lidwine Tick, Ad Koster, Henk T. J. Roerdink, Lonneke V. van de Poll-Franse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background

Follow-up care for a growing population of survivors of lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) together with the adverse effects these survivors may experience as a result of their cancer and treatment have led to more pressure being placed on health care services. The objectives of the current study were to: 1) compare the use of medical care services by survivors with that of a normative population; 2) evaluate the use of medical and psychosocial care services among distressed and nondistressed survivors; and 3) identify associated sociodemographic and clinical factors. 

Methods

Survivors of lymphoma and CLL diagnosed between 1999 and 2012 were selected via the population-based Netherlands Cancer Registry and completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire and questions regarding health care. Outcomes were compared with an age-matched and sex-matched normative population. 

Results

A total of 1444 survivors responded (69%). Survivors of lymphoma and CLL contacted their general practitioner (3.8 vs 2.3; P<.001) and medical specialist (5.7 vs 1.6; P<.001) more often within the last year compared with a normative population. In addition, psychologically distressed survivors had even more medical contacts and received psychosocial care more often compared with nondistressed survivors. In addition to psychological distress, comorbidity, female sex, and older age were found to be associated with a greater use of medical services, whereas younger age was associated with receiving psychosocial care.

CONCLUSIONS

Survivors of lymphoma and CLL, especially those who are psychologically distressed, report an increased use of health care services compared with a normative population. Further studies are needed to explore whether the use of widely applicable psychosocial interventions could reduce the frequency of medical contacts

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3016-3024
JournalCancer
Volume124
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • health care use
  • lymphoma
  • medical contacts
  • psychological distress
  • psychosocial care
  • survivors
  • NON-HODGKINS-LYMPHOMA
  • B-CELL LYMPHOMA
  • FOLLOW-UP CARE
  • CANCER SURVIVORS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
  • DEPRESSION SCALE
  • HOSPITAL ANXIETY
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • DUTCH POPULATION
  • INTERVIEW SURVEY

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