More Than Just Gaze: An Experimental Vignette Study Examining How Phone-Gazing and Newspaper-Gazing and Phubbing-While-Speaking and Phubbing-While-Listening Compare in Their Effect on Affiliation

Mariek M. P. Vanden Abeele*, Marie Postma-Nilsenova

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Gaze direction is a cue that regulates feelings of affiliation in social interactions. Phubbing research suggests that phone-gazing during a copresent interaction hampers the development of affiliation in interactions by signaling that one is not fully attentive. Because the phone represents the "virtual other," phone-gazing may be more detrimental than gazing at another object. This experimental vignette study explores whether phone-gazing during a conversation harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Additionally, it examines whether the harmful impact of phubbing can be mitigated or aggravated by the phone gazer's interlocutor role-namely, that of speaker versus listener. The results reveal that phone-gazing during an interaction harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Also, phone-gazing hampers affiliation more while listening than while speaking. These findings suggest that phone-gazing incurs unique judgments of relational devaluation in the interaction partner. The activation of these judgments, however, is contingent upon interlocutor role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-313
Number of pages11
JournalCommunication research reports
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Affiliation
  • Gaze
  • Mobile Phone
  • Nonverbal Behavior
  • Phubbing
  • Vignette Study
  • QUALITY
  • CONVERSATION
  • DISTANCE
  • DEVICES
  • MODEL

Cite this

@article{232d41688e1d4e3f82535465a2cad407,
title = "More Than Just Gaze: An Experimental Vignette Study Examining How Phone-Gazing and Newspaper-Gazing and Phubbing-While-Speaking and Phubbing-While-Listening Compare in Their Effect on Affiliation",
abstract = "Gaze direction is a cue that regulates feelings of affiliation in social interactions. Phubbing research suggests that phone-gazing during a copresent interaction hampers the development of affiliation in interactions by signaling that one is not fully attentive. Because the phone represents the {"}virtual other,{"} phone-gazing may be more detrimental than gazing at another object. This experimental vignette study explores whether phone-gazing during a conversation harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Additionally, it examines whether the harmful impact of phubbing can be mitigated or aggravated by the phone gazer's interlocutor role-namely, that of speaker versus listener. The results reveal that phone-gazing during an interaction harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Also, phone-gazing hampers affiliation more while listening than while speaking. These findings suggest that phone-gazing incurs unique judgments of relational devaluation in the interaction partner. The activation of these judgments, however, is contingent upon interlocutor role.",
keywords = "Affiliation, Gaze, Mobile Phone, Nonverbal Behavior, Phubbing, Vignette Study, QUALITY, CONVERSATION, DISTANCE, DEVICES, MODEL",
author = "{Vanden Abeele}, {Mariek M. P.} and Marie Postma-Nilsenova",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/08824096.2018.1492911",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "303--313",
journal = "Communication research reports",
issn = "0882-4096",
publisher = "TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - More Than Just Gaze

T2 - An Experimental Vignette Study Examining How Phone-Gazing and Newspaper-Gazing and Phubbing-While-Speaking and Phubbing-While-Listening Compare in Their Effect on Affiliation

AU - Vanden Abeele, Mariek M. P.

AU - Postma-Nilsenova, Marie

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Gaze direction is a cue that regulates feelings of affiliation in social interactions. Phubbing research suggests that phone-gazing during a copresent interaction hampers the development of affiliation in interactions by signaling that one is not fully attentive. Because the phone represents the "virtual other," phone-gazing may be more detrimental than gazing at another object. This experimental vignette study explores whether phone-gazing during a conversation harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Additionally, it examines whether the harmful impact of phubbing can be mitigated or aggravated by the phone gazer's interlocutor role-namely, that of speaker versus listener. The results reveal that phone-gazing during an interaction harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Also, phone-gazing hampers affiliation more while listening than while speaking. These findings suggest that phone-gazing incurs unique judgments of relational devaluation in the interaction partner. The activation of these judgments, however, is contingent upon interlocutor role.

AB - Gaze direction is a cue that regulates feelings of affiliation in social interactions. Phubbing research suggests that phone-gazing during a copresent interaction hampers the development of affiliation in interactions by signaling that one is not fully attentive. Because the phone represents the "virtual other," phone-gazing may be more detrimental than gazing at another object. This experimental vignette study explores whether phone-gazing during a conversation harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Additionally, it examines whether the harmful impact of phubbing can be mitigated or aggravated by the phone gazer's interlocutor role-namely, that of speaker versus listener. The results reveal that phone-gazing during an interaction harms affiliation more than newspaper-gazing. Also, phone-gazing hampers affiliation more while listening than while speaking. These findings suggest that phone-gazing incurs unique judgments of relational devaluation in the interaction partner. The activation of these judgments, however, is contingent upon interlocutor role.

KW - Affiliation

KW - Gaze

KW - Mobile Phone

KW - Nonverbal Behavior

KW - Phubbing

KW - Vignette Study

KW - QUALITY

KW - CONVERSATION

KW - DISTANCE

KW - DEVICES

KW - MODEL

U2 - 10.1080/08824096.2018.1492911

DO - 10.1080/08824096.2018.1492911

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 303

EP - 313

JO - Communication research reports

JF - Communication research reports

SN - 0882-4096

IS - 4

ER -