Most fare well-but some do not: Distinct profiles of mood variability development and their association with adjustment during adolescence

Dominique F Maciejewski, Loes Keijsers, Pol A C van Lier, Susan J T Branje, Wim H J Meeus, Hans M Koot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

One particular developmental task during adolescence is to regulate fluctuating moods to successfully transition through this period. The aim of this person-centered study was to identify distinct developmental trajectories of adolescent mood variability and to compare adolescents in different trajectories on changes in depressive symptoms, delinquency, and alcohol consumption in early to middle (ages 13-16) and middle to late adolescence (ages 16-20). Dutch adolescents (n = 482, 57.1% male) rated their daily emotions three weeks per year for five years using Internet daily diaries (ages 13-18). Day-to-day mood changes were calculated as an indicator of mood variability. Adolescents provided annual reports on depressive symptoms, delinquent acts, and alcohol consumption (ages 13-20). Results showed that most adolescents (88%) followed a trajectory characterized by decreases in mood variability (i.e., more stable moods). However, a minority (12%) followed a trajectory of increases in mood variability with a peak during middle adolescence. Adolescents with an increasing mood variability trajectory showed stable depressive and delinquency symptoms in early to middle adolescence compared with adolescents with a decreasing mood variability trajectory, who showed a decline in these symptoms. At age 16, there was a significant difference between the groups in depressive and delinquency symptoms, which stayed stable toward late adolescence. Although the two groups did not differ concerning alcohol consumption in early to middle adolescence, adolescents from the increasing mood variability class experienced less steep increases in alcohol use from middle to late adolescence compared with adolescents from the decreasing mood variability class. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-448
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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mood
adolescence
pricing
adolescent
delinquency
alcohol consumption
Alcohol Drinking
Depression
annual report
middle ages
emotion
Group
alcohol
minority
Internet
human being

Keywords

  • ANXIETY
  • BEHAVIOR
  • DAILY STRESS
  • DAILY-LIFE
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • DYNAMICS
  • EMOTION REGULATION
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • MENTAL-DISORDER
  • REACTIVITY
  • adolescence
  • daily diaries
  • longitudinal
  • mood variability
  • person-centered

Cite this

Maciejewski, Dominique F ; Keijsers, Loes ; van Lier, Pol A C ; Branje, Susan J T ; Meeus, Wim H J ; Koot, Hans M. / Most fare well-but some do not : Distinct profiles of mood variability development and their association with adjustment during adolescence. In: Developmental Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 434-448.
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title = "Most fare well-but some do not: Distinct profiles of mood variability development and their association with adjustment during adolescence",
abstract = "One particular developmental task during adolescence is to regulate fluctuating moods to successfully transition through this period. The aim of this person-centered study was to identify distinct developmental trajectories of adolescent mood variability and to compare adolescents in different trajectories on changes in depressive symptoms, delinquency, and alcohol consumption in early to middle (ages 13-16) and middle to late adolescence (ages 16-20). Dutch adolescents (n = 482, 57.1{\%} male) rated their daily emotions three weeks per year for five years using Internet daily diaries (ages 13-18). Day-to-day mood changes were calculated as an indicator of mood variability. Adolescents provided annual reports on depressive symptoms, delinquent acts, and alcohol consumption (ages 13-20). Results showed that most adolescents (88{\%}) followed a trajectory characterized by decreases in mood variability (i.e., more stable moods). However, a minority (12{\%}) followed a trajectory of increases in mood variability with a peak during middle adolescence. Adolescents with an increasing mood variability trajectory showed stable depressive and delinquency symptoms in early to middle adolescence compared with adolescents with a decreasing mood variability trajectory, who showed a decline in these symptoms. At age 16, there was a significant difference between the groups in depressive and delinquency symptoms, which stayed stable toward late adolescence. Although the two groups did not differ concerning alcohol consumption in early to middle adolescence, adolescents from the increasing mood variability class experienced less steep increases in alcohol use from middle to late adolescence compared with adolescents from the decreasing mood variability class. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).",
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pages = "434--448",
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Most fare well-but some do not : Distinct profiles of mood variability development and their association with adjustment during adolescence. / Maciejewski, Dominique F; Keijsers, Loes; van Lier, Pol A C; Branje, Susan J T; Meeus, Wim H J; Koot, Hans M.

In: Developmental Psychology, Vol. 55, No. 2, 2019, p. 434-448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Most fare well-but some do not

T2 - Distinct profiles of mood variability development and their association with adjustment during adolescence

AU - Maciejewski, Dominique F

AU - Keijsers, Loes

AU - van Lier, Pol A C

AU - Branje, Susan J T

AU - Meeus, Wim H J

AU - Koot, Hans M

PY - 2019

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N2 - One particular developmental task during adolescence is to regulate fluctuating moods to successfully transition through this period. The aim of this person-centered study was to identify distinct developmental trajectories of adolescent mood variability and to compare adolescents in different trajectories on changes in depressive symptoms, delinquency, and alcohol consumption in early to middle (ages 13-16) and middle to late adolescence (ages 16-20). Dutch adolescents (n = 482, 57.1% male) rated their daily emotions three weeks per year for five years using Internet daily diaries (ages 13-18). Day-to-day mood changes were calculated as an indicator of mood variability. Adolescents provided annual reports on depressive symptoms, delinquent acts, and alcohol consumption (ages 13-20). Results showed that most adolescents (88%) followed a trajectory characterized by decreases in mood variability (i.e., more stable moods). However, a minority (12%) followed a trajectory of increases in mood variability with a peak during middle adolescence. Adolescents with an increasing mood variability trajectory showed stable depressive and delinquency symptoms in early to middle adolescence compared with adolescents with a decreasing mood variability trajectory, who showed a decline in these symptoms. At age 16, there was a significant difference between the groups in depressive and delinquency symptoms, which stayed stable toward late adolescence. Although the two groups did not differ concerning alcohol consumption in early to middle adolescence, adolescents from the increasing mood variability class experienced less steep increases in alcohol use from middle to late adolescence compared with adolescents from the decreasing mood variability class. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - One particular developmental task during adolescence is to regulate fluctuating moods to successfully transition through this period. The aim of this person-centered study was to identify distinct developmental trajectories of adolescent mood variability and to compare adolescents in different trajectories on changes in depressive symptoms, delinquency, and alcohol consumption in early to middle (ages 13-16) and middle to late adolescence (ages 16-20). Dutch adolescents (n = 482, 57.1% male) rated their daily emotions three weeks per year for five years using Internet daily diaries (ages 13-18). Day-to-day mood changes were calculated as an indicator of mood variability. Adolescents provided annual reports on depressive symptoms, delinquent acts, and alcohol consumption (ages 13-20). Results showed that most adolescents (88%) followed a trajectory characterized by decreases in mood variability (i.e., more stable moods). However, a minority (12%) followed a trajectory of increases in mood variability with a peak during middle adolescence. Adolescents with an increasing mood variability trajectory showed stable depressive and delinquency symptoms in early to middle adolescence compared with adolescents with a decreasing mood variability trajectory, who showed a decline in these symptoms. At age 16, there was a significant difference between the groups in depressive and delinquency symptoms, which stayed stable toward late adolescence. Although the two groups did not differ concerning alcohol consumption in early to middle adolescence, adolescents from the increasing mood variability class experienced less steep increases in alcohol use from middle to late adolescence compared with adolescents from the decreasing mood variability class. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - ANXIETY

KW - BEHAVIOR

KW - DAILY STRESS

KW - DAILY-LIFE

KW - DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS

KW - DYNAMICS

KW - EMOTION REGULATION

KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES

KW - MENTAL-DISORDER

KW - REACTIVITY

KW - adolescence

KW - daily diaries

KW - longitudinal

KW - mood variability

KW - person-centered

U2 - 10.1037/dev0000650

DO - 10.1037/dev0000650

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 434

EP - 448

JO - Developmental Psychology

JF - Developmental Psychology

SN - 0012-1649

IS - 2

ER -