Narrative conjunction's junction function: The interface of narrative grammar and semantics in sequential images

Neil Cohn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While simple visual narratives may depict characters engaged in events across sequential images, additional complexity appears when modulating the framing of that information within an image or film shot. For example, when two images each show a character at the same narrative state, a viewer infers that they belong to a broader spatial environment. This paper argues that these framings involve a type of "conjunction," whereby a constituent conjoins images sharing a common narrative role in a sequence, Situated within the parallel architecture of Visual Narrative Grammar, which posits a division between narrative structure and semantics, this narrative conjunction schema interfaces with semantics in a variety of ways. Conjunction can thus map to the inference of a spatial environment or an individual character, the repetition or parts of actions, or disparate elements of semantic associative networks. Altogether, this approach provides a theoretical architecture that allows for numerous levels of abstraction and complexity across several phenomena in visual narratives. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-132
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Pragmatics
Volume88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Visual narrative
  • Inference
  • Situation model
  • Comics
  • Film
  • Visual language
  • LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION
  • EVENT STRUCTURE
  • DISCOURSE
  • FILM
  • SYNTAX
  • MUSIC
  • BRAIN
  • TIME
  • CATEGORIES
  • CHARACTERS

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