National and gender measurement invariance of the Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS): A 10-nation study with university students

E. Crocetti, J. Cieciuch, C.-H. Gao, T.A. Klimstra, C.-L. Lin, P. Mena de Matos, U. Morsünbül, O. Negru, K. Sugimura, G. Zimmermann, W.H.J. Meeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS), a self-report measure aimed at assessing identity processes of commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment. We tested its factor structure in university students from a large array of cultural contexts, including 10 nations located in Europe (i.e., Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, and Switzerland), Middle East (i.e., Turkey), and Asia (i.e., China, Japan, and Taiwan). Furthermore, we tested national and gender measurement invariance. Participants were 6,118 (63.2% females) university students aged from 18 to 25 years (M age = 20.91 years). Results indicated that the three-factor structure of the U-MICS fitted well in the total sample, in each national group, and in gender groups. Furthermore, national and gender measurement invariance were established. Thus, the U-MICS can be fruitfully applied to study identity in university students from various Western and non-Western contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)753-768
JournalAssessment
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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