Natural resources and violent conflict: Resource abundance, dependence and the onset of civil wars

C.N. Brunnschweiler, E.H. Bulte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we examine the claim that natural resources invite civil conflict, and challenge the main stylized facts in this literature. We find that the conventional measure of resource dependence is endogenous with respect to conflict, and that instrumenting for dependence implies that it is no longer significant in conflict regressions. Instead, it appears that conflict increases dependence on resource extraction (as a default sector). Moreover,resource abundance is associated with a reduced probability of the onset of war. These results are robust to a range of specifications and, considering the conflict channel, we conclude there is no reason to regard resources as a general curse to peace and development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-674
JournalOxford Economic Papers
Volume61
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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