Network Gatekeepers in Human Trafficking: Profiting from the Misery of Eritreans in the Digital Era

Mirjam van Reisen, Klara Smits, Mia Stokmans, Munyaradzi Mawere

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Human trafficking for ransom is a new form of trafficking facilitated by digitally-supported communication, particularly, mobile phones. But why do Eritreans appear to be among the most vulnerable to this form of trafficking? This chapter looks at the role of network gatekeepers, and the dependence of Eritrean refugees, who live in a ‘black hole’ in the digital architecture, on these gatekeepers, placing them at the mercy of smugglers and traffickers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMobile Africa
Subtitle of host publicationHuman Trafficking and the Digital Divide
Place of PublicationBamendaa, Cameroon
PublisherLangaa RPCIG
Chapter2
Pages33-62
ISBN (Print)9789956551132
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Keywords

  • Black hole
  • gatekeeping
  • refugees
  • network
  • ransom
  • human trafficking
  • mobile phones

Cite this

van Reisen, M., Smits, K., Stokmans, M., & Mawere, M. (2019). Network Gatekeepers in Human Trafficking: Profiting from the Misery of Eritreans in the Digital Era. In Mobile Africa: Human Trafficking and the Digital Divide (pp. 33-62). Langaa RPCIG. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvvh85s6.9