Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence

Brittany E. Evans*, Jacqueline Stam, Anja C. Huizink, Agnes M. Willemen, P. Michiel Westenberg, Susan Branje, W.H.J. Meeus, Hans M. Koot, Pol A. C. van Lier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The current study examined mean level and change in extraversion and neuroticism across adolescence in relation to physiological stress reactivity to social evaluation. Adolescents (n=327) from the Dutch general population reported on personality measures at five annual assessments. At age 17 years, adolescents participated in a psychosocial stress procedure characterized by social evaluation during which cortisol, heart rate, pre-ejection period (PEP) and heart rate variability were assessed. Dual latent growth curve models were fitted in which the intercepts (mean level) and slopes (change) of personality across adolescence predicted the intercepts (baseline) and slopes (reactivity) of the physiological stress measures. Most comparisons revealed no relation between personality and stress reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level scores on extraversion did show lower cortisol reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level neuroticism scores showed higher PEP reactivity. Our findings lend partial support for a relation between personality and physiological stress reactivity. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-79
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Heart rate
  • Pre-ejection period
  • Heart rate variability
  • Stress reactivity
  • Personality
  • Extraversion
  • Neuroticism
  • Adolescence
  • NEO PI-R
  • CORTISOL RESPONSES
  • PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS
  • PUBLIC SPEAKING
  • LIFE-COURSE
  • CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY
  • NEUROENDOCRINE RESPONSES
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS

Cite this

Evans, B. E., Stam, J., Huizink, A. C., Willemen, A. M., Westenberg, P. M., Branje, S., ... van Lier, P. A. C. (2016). Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence. Biological Psychology, 117, 67-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.03.002
Evans, Brittany E. ; Stam, Jacqueline ; Huizink, Anja C. ; Willemen, Agnes M. ; Westenberg, P. Michiel ; Branje, Susan ; Meeus, W.H.J. ; Koot, Hans M. ; van Lier, Pol A. C. / Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence. In: Biological Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. 117. pp. 67-79.
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abstract = "The current study examined mean level and change in extraversion and neuroticism across adolescence in relation to physiological stress reactivity to social evaluation. Adolescents (n=327) from the Dutch general population reported on personality measures at five annual assessments. At age 17 years, adolescents participated in a psychosocial stress procedure characterized by social evaluation during which cortisol, heart rate, pre-ejection period (PEP) and heart rate variability were assessed. Dual latent growth curve models were fitted in which the intercepts (mean level) and slopes (change) of personality across adolescence predicted the intercepts (baseline) and slopes (reactivity) of the physiological stress measures. Most comparisons revealed no relation between personality and stress reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level scores on extraversion did show lower cortisol reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level neuroticism scores showed higher PEP reactivity. Our findings lend partial support for a relation between personality and physiological stress reactivity. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
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Evans, BE, Stam, J, Huizink, AC, Willemen, AM, Westenberg, PM, Branje, S, Meeus, WHJ, Koot, HM & van Lier, PAC 2016, 'Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence', Biological Psychology, vol. 117, pp. 67-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.03.002

Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence. / Evans, Brittany E.; Stam, Jacqueline; Huizink, Anja C.; Willemen, Agnes M.; Westenberg, P. Michiel; Branje, Susan; Meeus, W.H.J.; Koot, Hans M.; van Lier, Pol A. C.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 117, 2016, p. 67-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence

AU - Evans, Brittany E.

AU - Stam, Jacqueline

AU - Huizink, Anja C.

AU - Willemen, Agnes M.

AU - Westenberg, P. Michiel

AU - Branje, Susan

AU - Meeus, W.H.J.

AU - Koot, Hans M.

AU - van Lier, Pol A. C.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The current study examined mean level and change in extraversion and neuroticism across adolescence in relation to physiological stress reactivity to social evaluation. Adolescents (n=327) from the Dutch general population reported on personality measures at five annual assessments. At age 17 years, adolescents participated in a psychosocial stress procedure characterized by social evaluation during which cortisol, heart rate, pre-ejection period (PEP) and heart rate variability were assessed. Dual latent growth curve models were fitted in which the intercepts (mean level) and slopes (change) of personality across adolescence predicted the intercepts (baseline) and slopes (reactivity) of the physiological stress measures. Most comparisons revealed no relation between personality and stress reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level scores on extraversion did show lower cortisol reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level neuroticism scores showed higher PEP reactivity. Our findings lend partial support for a relation between personality and physiological stress reactivity. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - The current study examined mean level and change in extraversion and neuroticism across adolescence in relation to physiological stress reactivity to social evaluation. Adolescents (n=327) from the Dutch general population reported on personality measures at five annual assessments. At age 17 years, adolescents participated in a psychosocial stress procedure characterized by social evaluation during which cortisol, heart rate, pre-ejection period (PEP) and heart rate variability were assessed. Dual latent growth curve models were fitted in which the intercepts (mean level) and slopes (change) of personality across adolescence predicted the intercepts (baseline) and slopes (reactivity) of the physiological stress measures. Most comparisons revealed no relation between personality and stress reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level scores on extraversion did show lower cortisol reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level neuroticism scores showed higher PEP reactivity. Our findings lend partial support for a relation between personality and physiological stress reactivity. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Cortisol

KW - Heart rate

KW - Pre-ejection period

KW - Heart rate variability

KW - Stress reactivity

KW - Personality

KW - Extraversion

KW - Neuroticism

KW - Adolescence

KW - NEO PI-R

KW - CORTISOL RESPONSES

KW - PERSONALITY-TRAITS

KW - PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS

KW - PUBLIC SPEAKING

KW - LIFE-COURSE

KW - CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY

KW - NEUROENDOCRINE RESPONSES

KW - INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES

KW - SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.03.002

M3 - Article

VL - 117

SP - 67

EP - 79

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

ER -