Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence

Brittany E. Evans*, Jacqueline Stam, Anja C. Huizink, Agnes M. Willemen, P. Michiel Westenberg, Susan Branje, W.H.J. Meeus, Hans M. Koot, Pol A. C. van Lier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study examined mean level and change in extraversion and neuroticism across adolescence in relation to physiological stress reactivity to social evaluation. Adolescents (n=327) from the Dutch general population reported on personality measures at five annual assessments. At age 17 years, adolescents participated in a psychosocial stress procedure characterized by social evaluation during which cortisol, heart rate, pre-ejection period (PEP) and heart rate variability were assessed. Dual latent growth curve models were fitted in which the intercepts (mean level) and slopes (change) of personality across adolescence predicted the intercepts (baseline) and slopes (reactivity) of the physiological stress measures. Most comparisons revealed no relation between personality and stress reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level scores on extraversion did show lower cortisol reactivity. Adolescents with higher mean level neuroticism scores showed higher PEP reactivity. Our findings lend partial support for a relation between personality and physiological stress reactivity. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-79
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Heart rate
  • Pre-ejection period
  • Heart rate variability
  • Stress reactivity
  • Personality
  • Extraversion
  • Neuroticism
  • Adolescence
  • NEO PI-R
  • CORTISOL RESPONSES
  • PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS
  • PUBLIC SPEAKING
  • LIFE-COURSE
  • CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY
  • NEUROENDOCRINE RESPONSES
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS

Cite this

Evans, B. E., Stam, J., Huizink, A. C., Willemen, A. M., Westenberg, P. M., Branje, S., Meeus, W. H. J., Koot, H. M., & van Lier, P. A. C. (2016). Neuroticism and extraversion in relation to physiological stress reactivity during adolescence. Biological Psychology, 117, 67-79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.03.002