On the context dependence of emotion displays: Perceptions of gold medalists' expressions of pride

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In spite of various claims for cross-cultural differences in the experience of pride, studies on the expression of pride have revealed few cross-cultural differences. Five studies using archival data from Olympic and national championships do show cross-cultural differences in the expression of pride and other positive emotions in pride-eliciting contexts, contingent on the social context of the expression, notably the in-group or out-group status of the audience. Chinese gold medalists were perceived to express less pride than American medalists when outperforming in-group competitors; when outperforming out-group members, however, no or smaller cross-cultural differences were observed. These findings are important because they indicate that cultural norms about emotion expression may be activated only in situations in which they serve a function in coordinating people's behaviour.
Keywords: Pride, positive emotions, cross-cultural, emotion expression, display rules
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1332-1343
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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