On the shortcomings of shortened tests: A literature review

P.M. Kruyen, W.H.M. Emons, K. Sijtsma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)


To efficiently assess multiple psychological constructs and to minimize the burden on respondents, psychologists increasingly use shortened versions of existing tests. However, compared to the longer test, a shorter test version may have a substantial impact on the reliability and the validity of the test scores in psychological research and individual decision making. In this study, we reviewed the psychological literature for recent trends in the use of short tests and examined in depth how and to what extent test constructors and test users addressed the impact on reliability and validity, other potential consequences of using short tests. The sample consisted of shortened tests found in six peer-reviewed psychological journals in the period 2005–2010. Based on our review, we provided recommendations for psychologists considering test shortening.
Keywords: literature review, psychological tests, reliability of short tests, test shortening, validity of short tests
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-248
JournalInternational Journal of Testing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'On the shortcomings of shortened tests: A literature review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this