Openness to experience and culture-openness transactions across the lifespan

Ted Schwaba, Maike Luhmann, J.J.A. Denissen, J.M.H. Chung, Wiebke Bleidorn

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Abstract

We examined the life span development of openness to experience and tested whether change in this personality trait was associated with change in cultural activity, such as attending the opera or visiting museums. Data came from the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Study for the Social Sciences panel, which includes 5 personality assessments across a 7-year period of a nationally representative sample of 7,353 individuals, aged 16 to 95 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that on average, openness remained relatively stable in emerging adulthood before declining in midlife and old age. At each stage of life, there were significant individual differences in openness development, and changes in openness were correlated with changes in cultural activity. Autoregressive cross-lagged analyses indicated that increases in cultural activity precipitated increases in openness, and vice versa. These culture-openness transactions held across different age and education groups and when controlling for household income. We found less consistent codevelopmental associations between cultural activity and the other Big Five traits. We discuss the implications of these results for personality development theory and the role of cultural investment in personality trait change. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-136
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume115
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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life-span
transaction
Personality Assessment
Museums
personality traits
Individuality
experience
Age Groups
personality theory
Education
personality development
opera
development theory
old age
household income
adulthood
museum
age group
personality
social science

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Schwaba, Ted ; Luhmann, Maike ; Denissen, J.J.A. ; Chung, J.M.H. ; Bleidorn, Wiebke. / Openness to experience and culture-openness transactions across the lifespan. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 115, No. 1. pp. 118-136.
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Openness to experience and culture-openness transactions across the lifespan. / Schwaba, Ted; Luhmann, Maike; Denissen, J.J.A.; Chung, J.M.H.; Bleidorn, Wiebke.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 115, No. 1, 2018, p. 118-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Chung, J.M.H.

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AB - We examined the life span development of openness to experience and tested whether change in this personality trait was associated with change in cultural activity, such as attending the opera or visiting museums. Data came from the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Study for the Social Sciences panel, which includes 5 personality assessments across a 7-year period of a nationally representative sample of 7,353 individuals, aged 16 to 95 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that on average, openness remained relatively stable in emerging adulthood before declining in midlife and old age. At each stage of life, there were significant individual differences in openness development, and changes in openness were correlated with changes in cultural activity. Autoregressive cross-lagged analyses indicated that increases in cultural activity precipitated increases in openness, and vice versa. These culture-openness transactions held across different age and education groups and when controlling for household income. We found less consistent codevelopmental associations between cultural activity and the other Big Five traits. We discuss the implications of these results for personality development theory and the role of cultural investment in personality trait change. 

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