Optimal signal bandwidth for the recording of surface EMG activity of facial, jaw, oral, and neck muscles

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156 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spontaneous pericranial electromyographic (EMG) activity is generally small and is contaminated by strong low-frequency artifacts. High-pass filtering should suppress artifacts but affect EMG signal power only minimally. In 24 subjects who performed a warned simple reaction time task, the optimal high-pass cut-off frequency was examined for nine different pericranial muscles. From four experimental conditions (visual and auditory reaction signals combined with hand and foot responses), 1-min EMG recordings were selected (bandwidth: 0.4¿512 Hz) and divided into 60 1-s data segments. These segments were high-pass filtered, the [minus sign]3-dB cut-off frequency varying from 5 to 90 Hz, and subjected to power spectral analysis. Optimal high-pass filter frequencies were determined for the mean power spectra based on visual estimation or comparison with a theoretical spectrum of the artifact-free EMG signal. The optimal frequencies for the different muscles varied between 15 and 25 Hz and were not influenced by stimulus or response modality. For all muscles, a low-pass filter frequency between 400 and 500 Hz was appropriate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-34
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume38
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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