Orchestration as a form of public action: The EU engagement with voluntary sustainability standards

Enrico Partiti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


EU authorities have come to engage with transnational private standards in the domain of sustainability in forms which are different from the traditional interplay based on agency relations and incorporation by reference. This phenomenon is evident in the domain of global value chain sustainability where the employment of voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) is permitted in certain EU measures. This contribution depicts the main features of orchestration as a distinct form of public action involving transnational private regulation. It lays down the reasons underpinning public 'use' of forms of public authority, it highlights the potential for orchestration in publicising transnational private rules and it exposes the hidden dynamics stemming from the interplay between public and private rules. It discusses the conditions under which orchestration can enhance the effectiveness of public measures, and how orchestration can transform transnational private regimes by steering their substance and procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-117
Number of pages24
JournalEuropean Law Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019




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