Organisational policies and practices for the inclusion of vulnerable workers: A scoping review of the employer’s perspective

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Abstract

Purpose 

Current models of inclusive workplaces are primarily based on the perceptions of vulnerable workers, whereas attention for employer’s perceptions is lacking. This scoping review addresses this issue by mapping the literature that covers employer’s perceptions on the application and importance of organisational policies and practices aimed at the inclusion of vulnerable workers. 

Methods 

A literature search for qualitative and quantitative research articles was conducted in MEDLINE, Scopus, ProQuest, PsychInfo, Google Scholar and Web of Science. Studies were included when (a) they reported on practices aimed at the inclusion, participation, or rehabilitation of (b) workers with disabilities, a low education or migration background, or who were long-term unemployed, and (c) were based on samples of employers or their representatives. 

Results 

The search resulted in 3,134 articles. In total, 38 articles met the inclusion criteria of this study. We identified seven types of inclusive practices to stimulate the inclusion of vulnerable workers that employers applied and/or perceived as valuable: senior management commitment, recruitment and selection, performance management and development practices, job accommodations and redesign of work, supportive culture, external collaborations with other employers, and monitoring. 

Conclusions 

Our review identified seven categories of inclusive practices that pertain to all stages of the employee journey of vulnerable workers. These categories move beyond those reported in studies based on employee samples, for instance by highlighting the importance of monitoring and collaborations with other employers. Hence, our findings stress that insight into employers’ perceptions about effective measures is crucial to increase labour market participation of vulnerable groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-266
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • DISABILITY INCLUSION
  • DISABLED PEOPLE
  • Disability
  • EMPLOYMENT
  • Employer engagement
  • HRM
  • HUMAN-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
  • Inclusion
  • LABOR-MARKET
  • Long-term unemployed
  • Low-educated worker
  • MIGRANT WORKERS
  • Migrant worker
  • SOCIAL INCLUSION
  • Scoping review
  • TRADE-UNIONS
  • Vulnerable workers
  • WORKPLACE ACCOMMODATIONS

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