Overweight and obesity prevalence among Indian women by place of residence and socio-economic status: Contrasting patterns from 'underweight states' and 'overweight states' of India

Angan Sengupta*, Federica Angeli, Thelakkat S. Syamala, Pieter C Dagnelie, Onno C. P. van Schayck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence from developing countries demonstrates a mixed relationship of overweight/obesity with socioeconomic status (SES) and place of residence. Theory of nutrition transition suggests that over the course of development, overweight first emerges among rich and urban people before spreading among rural and poor people. India is currently experiencing a rapid rise in the proportion of overweight and obese population especially among adult women. Under the backdrop of huge socio-economic heterogeneity across the states of India, the inter-state scenario of overweight and obesity differs considerably. Hence, this paper investigates the evolution over time of overweight and obesity among ever-married Indian women (15-49 years) from selected 'underweight states' (Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, where underweight proportion is predominant) and 'overweight states' (Kerala, Delhi and Punjab, where overweight is the prime concern), in relation to a few selected socio-economic and demographic indicators. This study analysed National Family Health Surveys- NFHS-2 (1998-99) and NFHS-3 (2005-06) following Asian population specific BMI cut-offs for overweight and obesity. The results confirm that within India itself the relationship of overweight and obesity with place of residence and SES cannot be generalized. Results from 'overweight states' show that the overweight problem has started expanding from urban and well-off women to the poor and rural people, while the rural-urban and rich-poor difference has disappeared. On the other hand in 'underweight states' overweight and obesity have remained socially segregated and increasing strongly among urban and richer section of the population. The rate of rise of overweight and obesity has been higher in rural areas of 'OW states' and in urban areas of 'UW states'. Indian policymakers thus need to design state-specific approaches to arrest the rapid growth of overweight and its penetration especially towards under-privileged section of the society. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-169
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Science & Medicine
Volume138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • India
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Underweight states
  • Overweight states
  • Nutrition transition
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • NUTRITION TRANSITION
  • NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES
  • DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES
  • EXCEEDS UNDERWEIGHT
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • FOOD SECURITY
  • DOUBLE BURDEN
  • URBAN
  • DETERMINANTS

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