Parent-Adolescent Discrepancies Regarding Adolescents' Peer-Related Loneliness

Annette W. M. Spithoven, Janne Vanhalst, G.M.A. Lodder, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Because loneliness is a subjective experience, it is often examined using self-reports. Yet, researchers have started to use other-reports to examine loneliness. As previous research suggests that discrepancies between self- and other views might have important implications for adolescents' mental health, the current study examines discrepancies in multi-informant reports on adolescents' loneliness in relation with prosocial behavior, aggression, and adolescents' parent-related loneliness. The sample consisted of 374 mother-adolescent dyads and 318 father-adolescent dyads (41.80% male, M (age) = 15.67 years, SD = 1.25). Results indicated that informants used different reference points to assess adolescents' peer-related loneliness, but were otherwise comparable. Moreover, informant discrepancies were associated with greater adolescents' reported parent-related loneliness. The current study did not provide evidence that discrepancies were related to prosocial or aggressive behavior. The current study adds to the notion that other-reports on loneliness show substantial convergence with self-reports. In addition, this study indicates that the discrepancy between other- and self-reports on loneliness holds valuable information for adolescent socio-emotional adjustment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1116
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Loneliness
parents
adolescent
Self Report
dyad
Adolescent Behavior
aggressive behavior
Fathers
aggression
Mental Health
father
mental health
Mothers

Keywords

  • Loneliness
  • Discrepancies
  • Parent-reports
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Prosocial behavior
  • Adolescents
  • CROSS-INFORMANT CORRELATIONS
  • MEASUREMENT INVARIANCE
  • POLYNOMIAL REGRESSION
  • DIFFERENCE SCORES
  • SOCIAL EXCLUSION
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • FIT INDEXES
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • SELF
  • BEHAVIOR

Cite this

Spithoven, Annette W. M. ; Vanhalst, Janne ; Lodder, G.M.A. ; Bijttebier, Patricia ; Goossens, Luc. / Parent-Adolescent Discrepancies Regarding Adolescents' Peer-Related Loneliness. In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 2017 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 1104-1116.
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Parent-Adolescent Discrepancies Regarding Adolescents' Peer-Related Loneliness. / Spithoven, Annette W. M.; Vanhalst, Janne; Lodder, G.M.A.; Bijttebier, Patricia; Goossens, Luc.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 46, No. 5, 05.2017, p. 1104-1116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - Because loneliness is a subjective experience, it is often examined using self-reports. Yet, researchers have started to use other-reports to examine loneliness. As previous research suggests that discrepancies between self- and other views might have important implications for adolescents' mental health, the current study examines discrepancies in multi-informant reports on adolescents' loneliness in relation with prosocial behavior, aggression, and adolescents' parent-related loneliness. The sample consisted of 374 mother-adolescent dyads and 318 father-adolescent dyads (41.80% male, M (age) = 15.67 years, SD = 1.25). Results indicated that informants used different reference points to assess adolescents' peer-related loneliness, but were otherwise comparable. Moreover, informant discrepancies were associated with greater adolescents' reported parent-related loneliness. The current study did not provide evidence that discrepancies were related to prosocial or aggressive behavior. The current study adds to the notion that other-reports on loneliness show substantial convergence with self-reports. In addition, this study indicates that the discrepancy between other- and self-reports on loneliness holds valuable information for adolescent socio-emotional adjustment.

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