Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children

Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender

E.A.L. De Caluwé, Leentje Vervoort*, Laura Vandeweghe, Annelies De Decker, Laura Wante, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Lien Goossens, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, Nathalie Michels, Caroline Braet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1295
JournalAssessment
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Preschool Children
Statistical Factor Analysis
Age Groups

Keywords

  • ACTIVATION SCALES
  • ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY
  • BAS scales parent-report
  • BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION SYSTEM
  • BIS
  • CARVER
  • OF-FIT INDEXES
  • PERSONALITY
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY THEORY
  • REWARD SENSITIVITY
  • RISK-TAKING
  • children and adolescents
  • exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis
  • factor structure
  • measurement invariance

Cite this

De Caluwé, E. A. L., Vervoort, L., Vandeweghe, L., De Decker, A., Wante, L., Van Beveren, M-L., ... Braet, C. (2019). Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children: Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender. Assessment, 26(7), 1282-1295. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191117739017
De Caluwé, E.A.L. ; Vervoort, Leentje ; Vandeweghe, Laura ; De Decker, Annelies ; Wante, Laura ; Van Beveren, Marie-Lotte ; Goossens, Lien ; Verbeken, Sandra ; Sioen, Isabelle ; Michels, Nathalie ; Braet, Caroline. / Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children : Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender. In: Assessment. 2019 ; Vol. 26, No. 7. pp. 1282-1295.
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title = "Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children: Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender",
abstract = "The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58{\%} girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.",
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author = "{De Caluw{\'e}}, E.A.L. and Leentje Vervoort and Laura Vandeweghe and {De Decker}, Annelies and Laura Wante and {Van Beveren}, Marie-Lotte and Lien Goossens and Sandra Verbeken and Isabelle Sioen and Nathalie Michels and Caroline Braet",
note = "Elien De Caluw{\'e} and Leentje Vervoort share first authorship.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1177/1073191117739017",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "1282--1295",
journal = "Assessment",
issn = "1073-1911",
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De Caluwé, EAL, Vervoort, L, Vandeweghe, L, De Decker, A, Wante, L, Van Beveren, M-L, Goossens, L, Verbeken, S, Sioen, I, Michels, N & Braet, C 2019, 'Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children: Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender', Assessment, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 1282-1295. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191117739017

Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children : Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender. / De Caluwé, E.A.L.; Vervoort, Leentje; Vandeweghe, Laura; De Decker, Annelies; Wante, Laura; Van Beveren, Marie-Lotte; Goossens, Lien; Verbeken, Sandra; Sioen, Isabelle; Michels, Nathalie; Braet, Caroline.

In: Assessment, Vol. 26, No. 7, 2019, p. 1282-1295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children

T2 - Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender

AU - De Caluwé, E.A.L.

AU - Vervoort, Leentje

AU - Vandeweghe, Laura

AU - De Decker, Annelies

AU - Wante, Laura

AU - Van Beveren, Marie-Lotte

AU - Goossens, Lien

AU - Verbeken, Sandra

AU - Sioen, Isabelle

AU - Michels, Nathalie

AU - Braet, Caroline

N1 - Elien De Caluwé and Leentje Vervoort share first authorship.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.

AB - The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.

KW - ACTIVATION SCALES

KW - ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY

KW - BAS scales parent-report

KW - BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION SYSTEM

KW - BIS

KW - CARVER

KW - OF-FIT INDEXES

KW - PERSONALITY

KW - PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES

KW - REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY THEORY

KW - REWARD SENSITIVITY

KW - RISK-TAKING

KW - children and adolescents

KW - exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis

KW - factor structure

KW - measurement invariance

U2 - 10.1177/1073191117739017

DO - 10.1177/1073191117739017

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 1282

EP - 1295

JO - Assessment

JF - Assessment

SN - 1073-1911

IS - 7

ER -