Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children: Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender

E.A.L. De Caluwé, Leentje Vervoort*, Laura Vandeweghe, Annelies De Decker, Laura Wante, Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Lien Goossens, Sandra Verbeken, Isabelle Sioen, Nathalie Michels, Caroline Braet

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Approach System (BIS/BAS) scales parent-report in children and adolescents (N = 1,444, 58% girls) across age (Group 1, 2-5 years; Group 2, 6-9 years; Group 3, 10-13 years; Group 4, 14-18 years old) and gender. The results consistently underscored a four-factor structure, resembling the original factor structure, with one BIS-factor and three BAS-factors. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed full measurement invariance across gender as well as across Group 1 and 2, and Group 2 and 3. Strong measurement invariance was found across Group 3 and 4, Group 1 and 3, and Group 2 and 4. Configural and metric invariance was found across Group 1 and 4. Hence, mean-level BIS/BAS scores can be compared across gender and age although comparison between preschool children (Group 1) and late secondary school children (Group 4) should be done with caution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1282-1295
JournalAssessment
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • ACTIVATION SCALES
  • ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY
  • BAS scales parent-report
  • BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION SYSTEM
  • BIS
  • CARVER
  • OF-FIT INDEXES
  • PERSONALITY
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • REINFORCEMENT SENSITIVITY THEORY
  • REWARD SENSITIVITY
  • RISK-TAKING
  • children and adolescents
  • exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis
  • factor structure
  • measurement invariance

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    De Caluwé, E. A. L., Vervoort, L., Vandeweghe, L., De Decker, A., Wante, L., Van Beveren, M-L., Goossens, L., Verbeken, S., Sioen, I., Michels, N., & Braet, C. (2019). Parent-reported BIS/BAS-scales for children: Factor structure and measurement invariance across age and gender. Assessment, 26(7), 1282-1295. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191117739017