Parental and child fruit consumption in the context of general parenting, parental education and ethnic background

Gerda Rodenburg*, Anke Oenema, Stef P. J. Kremers, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the association between parental and child fruit consumption in the context of general parenting, parental education and ethnic background. A cross-sectional study was performed among 1762 parent-child dyads. Mean age of the children was 8 years. One parent completed a questionnaire to measure their own and their child's fruit consumption, parenting style, education level and ethnicity. In mediation and moderation analyses, child fruit consumption was regressed on parental fruit consumption, parenting style, parental education and ethnicity. Participating children consumed on average 7.5 pieces of fruit per week. Fourteen percent met the recommended Dutch norm of two pieces of fruit per day. Parental and child fruit consumption were positively associated. The association was more pronounced under higher levels of psychological control and behavioural control, and among ethnic groups. Additionally, parental education and child fruit consumption were positively associated. Parental fruit consumption partially mediated this association. Interventions are needed to increase child fruit consumption. Interventions should focus on increasing parental fruit consumption and positive parental modelling, with particular focus on low-SES families. Additionally, interventions that combine positive modelling with positive general parenting skills (e.g. increasing behavioural control) may be more effective than interventions that focus on parental modelling alone. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-372
JournalAppetite
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Child fruit consumption
  • Parental fruit consumption
  • General parenting
  • Parenting style
  • Psychological control
  • Behavioural control
  • Involvement
  • Parental education
  • Ethnicity
  • Role modelling
  • VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTROL
  • NEGLECTFUL FAMILIES
  • ADOLESCENT SMOKING
  • BEHAVIOR
  • STYLE
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • OBESITY
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

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