Parental culture maintenance, bilingualism, identity, and well-being in Javanese, Batak, and Chinese adolescents in Indonesia

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Abstract

We examined the importance of parental culture maintenance behaviour, bilingualism, ethnic identity, and national identity for the well-being of adolescents in multicultural Indonesia. We tested a mediation model in which the link between (perceived) parental culture maintenance behaviour and well-being is mediated through speaking Bahasa at home and national identity on the one hand and speaking the ethnic language at home and ethnic identity on the other hand. Participants were 448 adolescents (261 females) from four Indonesian ethnic groups (Chinese from Java, Chinese from North Sumatra, Batak, and Javanese), aged between 12 and 19 years (Mage = 15.92 years). We found support that parental culture maintenance was positively related to both ethnic and national identity, was correlated to the usage of ethnic language at home, but not correlated to usage of Bahasa Indonesia at home, language usage was not associated with identity; there was no link between parental culture maintenance behaviour and usage of languages at home with well-being, but both national and ethnic identity were positively associated with children’s well-being across groups. We conclude that parental culture maintenance, ethnic identity, and national identity are important for the well-being of adolescents, whereas speaking the language is independent from well-being and ethnic identity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-867
JournalJournal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

multilingualism
ethnic identity
Indonesia
national identity
well-being
adolescent
speaking
language
language usage
female adolescent
mediation
ethnic group
Group

Keywords

  • ACCULTURATION
  • ADAPTATION
  • AMERICAN
  • Adolescents
  • BICULTURAL IDENTITY
  • COLLECTIVE IDENTITY
  • ETHNIC-IDENTITY
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • IMMIGRANT FAMILIES
  • LANGUAGE
  • NETHERLANDS
  • bilingualism
  • culture maintenance
  • identity
  • well-being

Cite this

@article{bffc3766350344039b565cad76732b60,
title = "Parental culture maintenance, bilingualism, identity, and well-being in Javanese, Batak, and Chinese adolescents in Indonesia",
abstract = "We examined the importance of parental culture maintenance behaviour, bilingualism, ethnic identity, and national identity for the well-being of adolescents in multicultural Indonesia. We tested a mediation model in which the link between (perceived) parental culture maintenance behaviour and well-being is mediated through speaking Bahasa at home and national identity on the one hand and speaking the ethnic language at home and ethnic identity on the other hand. Participants were 448 adolescents (261 females) from four Indonesian ethnic groups (Chinese from Java, Chinese from North Sumatra, Batak, and Javanese), aged between 12 and 19 years (Mage = 15.92 years). We found support that parental culture maintenance was positively related to both ethnic and national identity, was correlated to the usage of ethnic language at home, but not correlated to usage of Bahasa Indonesia at home, language usage was not associated with identity; there was no link between parental culture maintenance behaviour and usage of languages at home with well-being, but both national and ethnic identity were positively associated with children’s well-being across groups. We conclude that parental culture maintenance, ethnic identity, and national identity are important for the well-being of adolescents, whereas speaking the language is independent from well-being and ethnic identity.",
keywords = "ACCULTURATION, ADAPTATION, AMERICAN, Adolescents, BICULTURAL IDENTITY, COLLECTIVE IDENTITY, ETHNIC-IDENTITY, IDENTIFICATION, IMMIGRANT FAMILIES, LANGUAGE, NETHERLANDS, bilingualism, culture maintenance, identity, well-being",
author = "{Tjipta Sari}, Betty and A. Chasiotis and {van de Vijver}, Fons and Michael Bender",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/01434632.2018.1449847",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
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journal = "Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development",
issn = "0143-4632",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental culture maintenance, bilingualism, identity, and well-being in Javanese, Batak, and Chinese adolescents in Indonesia

AU - Tjipta Sari, Betty

AU - Chasiotis, A.

AU - van de Vijver, Fons

AU - Bender, Michael

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - We examined the importance of parental culture maintenance behaviour, bilingualism, ethnic identity, and national identity for the well-being of adolescents in multicultural Indonesia. We tested a mediation model in which the link between (perceived) parental culture maintenance behaviour and well-being is mediated through speaking Bahasa at home and national identity on the one hand and speaking the ethnic language at home and ethnic identity on the other hand. Participants were 448 adolescents (261 females) from four Indonesian ethnic groups (Chinese from Java, Chinese from North Sumatra, Batak, and Javanese), aged between 12 and 19 years (Mage = 15.92 years). We found support that parental culture maintenance was positively related to both ethnic and national identity, was correlated to the usage of ethnic language at home, but not correlated to usage of Bahasa Indonesia at home, language usage was not associated with identity; there was no link between parental culture maintenance behaviour and usage of languages at home with well-being, but both national and ethnic identity were positively associated with children’s well-being across groups. We conclude that parental culture maintenance, ethnic identity, and national identity are important for the well-being of adolescents, whereas speaking the language is independent from well-being and ethnic identity.

AB - We examined the importance of parental culture maintenance behaviour, bilingualism, ethnic identity, and national identity for the well-being of adolescents in multicultural Indonesia. We tested a mediation model in which the link between (perceived) parental culture maintenance behaviour and well-being is mediated through speaking Bahasa at home and national identity on the one hand and speaking the ethnic language at home and ethnic identity on the other hand. Participants were 448 adolescents (261 females) from four Indonesian ethnic groups (Chinese from Java, Chinese from North Sumatra, Batak, and Javanese), aged between 12 and 19 years (Mage = 15.92 years). We found support that parental culture maintenance was positively related to both ethnic and national identity, was correlated to the usage of ethnic language at home, but not correlated to usage of Bahasa Indonesia at home, language usage was not associated with identity; there was no link between parental culture maintenance behaviour and usage of languages at home with well-being, but both national and ethnic identity were positively associated with children’s well-being across groups. We conclude that parental culture maintenance, ethnic identity, and national identity are important for the well-being of adolescents, whereas speaking the language is independent from well-being and ethnic identity.

KW - ACCULTURATION

KW - ADAPTATION

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KW - BICULTURAL IDENTITY

KW - COLLECTIVE IDENTITY

KW - ETHNIC-IDENTITY

KW - IDENTIFICATION

KW - IMMIGRANT FAMILIES

KW - LANGUAGE

KW - NETHERLANDS

KW - bilingualism

KW - culture maintenance

KW - identity

KW - well-being

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M3 - Article

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