Parenting and self-regulation in preschoolers: A meta-analysis

Annemiek Karreman, C. van Tuijl, M.A.G. van Aken, M. Deković

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

185 Citations (Scopus)


A meta-analysis of 41 studies was conducted to examine the strength of the relation between parenting (positive control, negative control and responsiveness) and self-regulation in preschoolers. Results revealed significant associations between
both types of parental control and self-regulation, with effect sizes being small in magnitude. There was no significant association between self-regulation and responsiveness. The strength of the association between parenting and self-regulation varied with different conceptualizations of self-regulation;
positive and negative control were associated with child compliance, but not with inhibition and emotion regulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-579
JournalInfant and Child Development
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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