Parenting in complex conditions: Does preterm birth provide a context for the development of less optimal parental behavior?

H.N. Hoffenkamp, J. Braeken, R.A.S. Hall, A. Tooten, A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets, H.J.A. van Bakel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective 
To examine the predictive value of parent, infant, and contextual factors related to preterm childbirth for later parenting behaviors.
Methods 
Mothers (n = 217) and fathers (n = 204) of term, moderately preterm, and very preterm infants were interviewed 1 month postpartum using the Clinical Interview for Parents of high-risk infants (CLIP), to assess their experiences and perceptions related to the pregnancy, delivery, infant, hospitalization, support system, and their narratives. Their responses were factor analyzed and entered into prediction models of parental behaviors (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development observations) 6 months postpartum.
Results 
Preterm birth was associated with negative experiences and concerns in parents. Regression analyses revealed, however, that irrespective of preterm birth, negative and unrealistic parental perceptions predicted less sensitive, more intrusive, and more withdrawn behavior.
Conclusions 
Not prematurity per se, but particularly the presence of negative perceptions in parents, is predictive of difficulties in parent–infant interaction. The CLIP is a potentially useful instrument to identify families at risk.
Keywords: CLIP interview, parent–infant interaction, parental perceptions, postpartum experiences, prematurity.
Topic:
father infant, premature labor perception postpartum period parenting behavior social support contextual factors premature birth parental perception narrative discourse

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-571
JournalJournal of Pediatric Psychology
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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