Patience and long-run growth

M. Hübner, Gonzague Vannoorenberghe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Complementing research on the effect of patience on individual behavior, we present empirical evidence that patience is an important determinant of long-run income differences between countries. To account for a potential endogeneity bias, we instrument patience by information on how languages spoken in the countries of our sample require speakers to encode time. The economic impact of patience and growth is sizable. Our results suggest that increasing patience by one standard deviation raises per-capita income by between 34% and 78%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-167
JournalEconomics Letters
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • long-run growth
  • time preference
  • patience


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