Paying gratitude forward at work: How work-specific gratitude can affect burnout through interpersonal helping behavior

Amber Kersten*, Marianne van Woerkom, Dorien Kooij, Robin Bauwens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Since workers are increasingly suffering from burnout, there is a need for insights into how burnout can be decreased to improve subjective well-being. The broaden-and-build theory proposes that gratitude increases well-being through an upward spiral. Few studies have examined whether gratitude decreases burnout and what mediating behaviors explain this relationship. Using an international sample of employees (N = 353), this study examines whether work-specific gratitude negatively relates to exhaustion and disengagement. Additionally, since gratitude stimulates helping through upstream reciprocity, this study investigates whether interpersonal helping behavior (IHB) mediates these relationships. Our study showed a negative effect of work-specific gratitude on disengagement and exhaustion and a negative relationship between work-specific gratitude and disengagement, mediated by IHB, suggesting that gratitude stimulates IHB, thereby alleviating disengagement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-148
JournalJournal of Personnel Psychology
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • DIFFERENCE
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • MEDIATING ROLE
  • MODEL
  • ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR
  • POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
  • R PACKAGE
  • SATISFACTION
  • STRESS
  • WORKPLACE
  • burnout
  • employees
  • gratitude
  • interpersonal helping behavior
  • positive psychology

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