PCL-R field validity in prison and hospital settings

Inge Jeandarme, John F. Edens, Petra Habets, Liesbeth Bruckers, Karel Oei, S. Bogaerts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Recent field studies have questioned the interrater reliability (IRR) and predictive validity regarding (violent) recidivism of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). Using a forensic psychiatric sample, the current study investigated discrepancies in scoring between hospital and prison settings, as well as differences in predictive validity across these two settings. PCL-R information was collected from prison and hospital files, resulting in 224 PCL-R total scores and 74 double scores. When examining repeated measurements, large individual differences were found together with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICCA,1) of .42 for the total score. Discrepant results were found for Factor 2, with repeated scores within the same setting having an ICCA,1 of .28 versus an ICCA,1 of .57 for repeated scores between settings. However, areas under the curve (AUCs) from receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses for total, factor and facet scores did not differ between settings. For the whole sample, Factor 2 scores marginally predicted violent and general recidivism after 2 years (AUC = .62 and .63), whereas Factor 1 did not predict (violent) recidivism. Consistent with recent studies from other countries, these results suggest inadequate field reliability and validity in prison and hospital settings in Flanders (Belgium).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-43
JournalLaw and Human Behavior
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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correctional institution
Area Under Curve
Individuality
Statistical Factor Analysis
Prison
Psychopathy
Belgium
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Jeandarme, I., Edens, J. F., Habets, P., Bruckers, L., Oei, K., & Bogaerts, S. (2017). PCL-R field validity in prison and hospital settings. Law and Human Behavior, 41(1), 29-43. https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000222
Jeandarme, Inge ; Edens, John F. ; Habets, Petra ; Bruckers, Liesbeth ; Oei, Karel ; Bogaerts, S. / PCL-R field validity in prison and hospital settings. In: Law and Human Behavior. 2017 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 29-43.
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abstract = "Recent field studies have questioned the interrater reliability (IRR) and predictive validity regarding (violent) recidivism of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). Using a forensic psychiatric sample, the current study investigated discrepancies in scoring between hospital and prison settings, as well as differences in predictive validity across these two settings. PCL-R information was collected from prison and hospital files, resulting in 224 PCL-R total scores and 74 double scores. When examining repeated measurements, large individual differences were found together with an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICCA,1) of .42 for the total score. Discrepant results were found for Factor 2, with repeated scores within the same setting having an ICCA,1 of .28 versus an ICCA,1 of .57 for repeated scores between settings. However, areas under the curve (AUCs) from receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses for total, factor and facet scores did not differ between settings. For the whole sample, Factor 2 scores marginally predicted violent and general recidivism after 2 years (AUC = .62 and .63), whereas Factor 1 did not predict (violent) recidivism. Consistent with recent studies from other countries, these results suggest inadequate field reliability and validity in prison and hospital settings in Flanders (Belgium).",
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Jeandarme, I, Edens, JF, Habets, P, Bruckers, L, Oei, K & Bogaerts, S 2017, 'PCL-R field validity in prison and hospital settings', Law and Human Behavior, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 29-43. https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000222

PCL-R field validity in prison and hospital settings. / Jeandarme, Inge; Edens, John F.; Habets, Petra; Bruckers, Liesbeth; Oei, Karel; Bogaerts, S.

In: Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2017, p. 29-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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